Objectives: The objective of this retrospective study was to compare the 7-year outcomes of coronally advanced flap with vertical incisions (CAF) and the envelope type of flap (e-CAF), using a subepithelial connective tissue graft (SCTG) in the treatment of multiple recession defects.
Schlagwörter: connective tissue, gingival recession, surgical flaps, tooth root
Method and materials: Twenty-two patients (13 CAF and 9 e-CAF) with at least two adjacent recession defects in the esthetic zone contributed to a total of 50 sites (29 CAF and 21 e-CAF). Complete root coverage (CRC), mean root coverage (MRC), and keratinized tissue (KT) width were recorded over the course of the study.
Results: In the short term (8 months), CRC, MRC, and KT outcomes were similar between the groups (P > .05). However, at the 3-year follow-up, the e-CAF group displayed significantly higher KT, MRC (100%), and CRC (100% at both tooth- and patient-levels) than the CAF group (MRC 91.43%; CRC 79.31% at tooth-level and 69.23% at patient-level). Similarly, at the 7-year follow-up, statistically significantly superior KT, MRC (94.24%), and CRC (87.71% at tooth-level and 77.78% at patient-level) values were recorded for the e-CAF group compared to the CAF group (MRC 68.98%; CRC 31.03% at tooth-level and 15.38% at patient-level).
Conclusions: Despite similar treatment outcomes recorded by both surgical procedures in the short term, sites treated with e-CAF showed better stability of the gingival margin and superior KT width in the medium (3 years) and long term (7 years).