Purpose: To evaluate the biologic, technical, and radiographic outcomes of CAD/CAM-milled bilayer and monolithic zirconia crowns using implants and Ti-base abutments with up to 5 years of follow-up.
Materials and methods: A total of 182 implant-supported "screw-mentable" (hybrid screw/cement retention) single crowns were evaluated in 118 patients. Ti-base abutments were selected according to the chimney (3.5 or 5 mm) and gingival (1, 2, or 3 mm) heights in the virtual model. Zirconia crowns were designed using CAD/CAM software and then milled from partially stabilized zirconia blocks. After all crowns were cemented onto Ti-base abutments, they were clinically screwed onto the implants. Both implants and crowns were followed up for up to 5 years, and their clinical, technical, and radiologic results were recorded.
Results: A total of 118 patients (86 women and 32 men) who received 182 implant-supported screw-mentable crowns were included in this study. The mean follow-up period was 32 ± 18 months (range: 24 to 60 months) for all implants and crowns. No implant was lost during the follow-up period, yielding a cumulative implant survival rate of 100%. Two technical complications were observed in two bruxer patients, yielding a cumulative restoration survival rate of 98.9%. The marginal bone loss was 0.7 ± 0.5 mm from the baseline radiograph to the radiograph taken at the final recall visit. No implants were diagnosed with peri-implantitis.
Conclusion: The outcomes of this study suggest that Ti-base abutments are a feasible and affordable alternative to CAD/CAM abutments and that they can successfully support single zirconia crowns.