Objective: Maintaining appropriate salivary levels of an active ingredient is challenging. Intraoral trays can be used to deliver medications for localized treatment. Based on previous successful daytime studies with a slow-release sirolimus varnish, the aim was to optimize intraoral appliances/trays for overnight use to deliver slow-release medications in a manner that maintains therapeutic salivary levels of the active ingredient to treat oral conditions.
Schlagwörter: acrylic tray, overnight, salivary flow, sirolimus, sustained-release, varnish
Method and materials: An acrylic tray appliance containing 0.5 mg of sirolimus in a sustained-release varnish was placed on six anterior teeth for 12 hours, in ten healthy volunteers. Whole unstimulated saliva was collected at 1, 2, 10, and 12 hours after application. Blood was collected at the time of recruitment to confirm eligibility, and 12 hours after device removal to measure sirolimus levels. Drug levels in the blood and saliva were analyzed. Slow- and fast-release formulations, varnish position (buccal, palatal, or lingual), and tray placement (mandibular or maxillary) were qualitatively compared. Participants evaluated the varnish and tray.
Results: Moderate concentrations of sirolimus were detected in the saliva when the fast-release formulation was used. The highest levels were from the mandibular tray with lingual varnish application. Sialometry of all participants was within normal range, and the highest drug levels were detected when low flow was measured. No traces of the medication were found in the blood.
Conclusions: Salivary concentrations of medications applied to an intraoral appliance are affected by the placement in the maxilla or mandible, varnish formulation, location of varnish, and salivation rate. These results may help optimize medication release following application to various oral devices. (Quintessence Int 2023;54:242–249; doi: 10.3290/j.qi.b3604821)