Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the patient’s morbidity and postsurgical complications after treatment of palatal donor sites after free gingival graft harvesting using leucocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF) membranes or a hemostatic agent with oxidized and regenerated cellulose.
Schlagwörter: analog pain scale, free gingival graft, morbidity, platelet-rich plasma, wound healing
Method and materials: Forty-two palatal donor sites after free gingival graft harvesting in 42 patients were randomly assigned to experimental (L-PRF membrane) or control procedure (hemostatic agent). The primary outcome was postoperative pain related to the wound located at the palatal area, and the secondary outcomes were postoperative discomfort, inability to chew, postoperative stress, surgical chair time, thickness of the palatal fibromucosa, and thickness of the free gingival graft. The patient-reported outcome measures were recorded after 1 week.
Results: After 1 week, a statistically significant difference was found between groups in terms of postoperative stress (P = .008). No statistically significant differences in terms of postoperative pain (P = .326), patient discomfort (P = .509), inability to chew (P = .936), or surgical chair time (P = .932) were recorded between the test and the control group. No statistically significant differences were recorded in terms of thickness of the palatal fibromucosa (P = .647) and thickness of the free gingival graft (P = .756) between groups. Postsurgical wound healing complications (ie, necrosis or infections) were not observed in both groups.
Conclusion: Within their limitations, the present outcomes indicated that the application of L-PRF membrane at palatal donor sites after FGG harvesting did not produce significant advantages for the patients.