Purpose: This preclinical comparison study assessed the diagnostic accuracy of low-dose CBCT protocols compared with standard-dose protocols in digital implant treatment planning and template-guided implant surgery.
Schlagwörter: computer-guided surgery, cone beam computed tomography, dental implant, diagnostic accuracy, low-dose protocol
Materials and methods: Thirty mandibles of pig cadavers underwent both CBCT protocols on an Orthophos SL Unit (Dentsply-Sirona). Surface scans of the regions of interest were performed to create a digital diagnostic wax-up followed by 120 subsequent implant plannings (one implant per quadrant). Simple randomization (1:1) was assessed to assign each quadrant into one of the imaging protocols. Sixty implant surgical guides were manufactured using CAD/CAM technology, followed by the fully guided placement of 60 implants following the surgical protocol in randomized order. Geometric accuracy between the planned and definitive implant position was determined regarding apical distances between the central axes and angle deviation. Descriptive statistics and linear regressions were used for the statistical analysis of the data.
Results: Regarding implant apex deviation using low-dose CBCT, the following differences were observed: apical deviation of 0.75 ± 0.63 mm and angular deviation of 2.5 ± 2.12 degrees, while the standard-dose CBCT showed the following
results: apical deviation of 0.92 ± 0.55 mm and angular deviation of 3.06 ± 2.12 degrees. The regression analyses could not show evidence for a significant difference between the two CBCT protocols, neither with regard to the apical distance nor in view of the angular deviation.
Conclusion: Low-dose CBCT imaging protocols providing accurate 3D anatomical information with an improved benefit-risk ratio according to the as low as diagnostically acceptable (ALADA) principle could become a promising option as a primary diagnostic modality as well as for radiologic follow-up.