PubMed-ID: 19418860Seiten: 148-154, Sprache: Englisch
Purpose: In the last decade several studies have evaluated the clinical outcome of implants inserted into autografts and rehabilitated with fixed restorations in either oneor two-step surgical protocols. However, no study has investigated implants placed into homografts; thus, a case series analysis was performed to verify the clinical outcome of implants inserted into fresh frozen bone (FFB) and bearing fixed prosthetic restorations.
Materials and Methods: Fifty-eight patients underwent iliac crest homograft transplants and 238 implants were inserted. Seventy-one double-etched, 19 sandblasted and acid-etched-1 (SLA1), 10 grit-blasted and acid-etched, 73 anodic oxidized, 39 CaPo4 ceramic-blasted, 19 SLA2, and seven additional implants of various types were used. Implant diameter and length ranged from 3 to 5 mm and from 7 to 16 mm, respectively. Implants were inserted to replace 15 incisors, 14 canines, 102 premolars, and 107 molars. A total of 111 restorations were performed.
Results: No implants were lost. Cox regression analysis showed that implant type and type of edentulism directly correlated with a lower bone resorption and thus had a better clinical outcome and success rate.
Conclusion: Implants bearing fixed restorations and inserted into FFB have higher survival and succes rates compared to those placed in nongrafted and grafted jaws reported in previous studies.