Objective: To evaluate implant and patient characteristics 4 to 8 years after implant installation in a study involving immediate fixed restoration of dental implants. Method and materials: The study was a follow-up of treated generalized chronic periodontitis patients who received immediate restorations on dental implants as part of a previous study. The patients were examined clinically and radiographically at implant placement, 6 months, 1 year, and 4 to 8 years later. Supportive periodontal therapy (SPT), teeth and implant probing pocket depth (TPPD and IPPD), bleeding on probing (BOP [teeth, TBOP; implant, IBOP]), and bone level (BL) measurements around implants were documented. Cases were divided into three groups according to annual SPT rate: 0.00 to 0.99/year (SPT0), 1.00 to 1.99/year (SPT1), 2.00 or more/year (SPT2).
Schlagwörter: dental implants, immediate loading, implant bone level, long-term follow-up, maintenance, periodontitis
Results: Twelve patients, with 26 implants and 242 teeth, were included. The mean ± standard deviation follow-up period was 6.08 ± 1.25 years (range 4.04 to 7.94 years). All implants in the follow-up group were osseointegrated and survived during the follow-up period. The mean number of SPT appointments was 6.17 ± 5.65. A weak negative correlation was found between SPT rate and ΔTPPD (−0.24, P = .0005), whereas a strong negative correlation was found between SPT rate and ΔIPPD (−0.76, P = .0005). Negative correlations were found between SPT rate and ∆TBOP (−0.20, P = .003), and between SPT rate and ∆IBOP (−0.5, P = .009). A moderate correlation was found between SPT rate and ΔBL (0.46, P = .02).
Conclusion: SPT has a significant positive effect on PPD, BOP, and on implant BLs in long-term follow-up and should be an essential part of implant therapy.