The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants, 1/2016
DOI: 10.11607/jomi.4123, PubMed-ID: 26800172Seiten: 153-161, Sprache: Englisch
Purpose: To report the 5-year outcome of NobelSpeedy design implants in immediate function fixed prosthetic rehabilitations.
Materials and Methods: This retrospective clinical study included 46 consecutive patients (29 women and 17 men) with an average age of 55 years (range, 32 to 78 years) who were rehabilitated between 2003 and 2004 with full-arch restorations supported by dental implants in immediate function. The primary outcome measures were implant survival calculated based on implant function and using life tables. The secondary outcome measures were marginal bone levels measured at 3 and 5 years, and the incidence of mechanical and biologic complications.
Results: Five patients with 21 study implants dropped out (11%). One-hundred eighty-nine implants were inserted in the maxilla (n = 166) and mandible (n = 23). Five patients lost five implants, giving a cumulative survival rate of 97.3% at 5 years of followup. The average (SD) marginal bone levels were 1.45 mm (0.83 mm) and 1.72 mm (1.04 mm) at 5 years of follow-up. The incidence of mechanical complications in the provisional and definitive prostheses was registered in 14 and 6 patients, respectively: prosthetic screw loosening (n = 4 provisional prostheses, n = 3 definitive prostheses), abutment screw loosening (n = 5 provisional prostheses), fracture of the acrylic resin prostheses (n = 5 provisional prostheses, n = 1 definitive prosthesis), chipping of a ceramic crown (n = 1 definitive prosthesis), and fracture of a ceramic crown (n = 1 definitive prosthesis). The incidence of biologic complications (peri-implant pathology) was registered in 6 patients and 12 implants (7.1%).
Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, it is possible to conclude that implants of the NobelSpeedy type used in immediate function for support of fixed prosthetic full-arch rehabilitations are a valid option, with a high survival rate.
Schlagwörter: complications, dental implant, design, NobelSpeedy, oxidized, surface, survival, titanium
International Journal of Oral Implantology, 3/2014
PubMed-ID: 25237671Seiten: 267-281, Sprache: Englisch
Purpose: To report retrospectively on the 5-year follow-up results of the rehabilitation of complete edentulous atrophied maxillae, using extra-maxillary zygomatic implants alone or in combination with conventional implants.
Materials and methods: This retrospective report includes an initial cohort of 39 patients (30 women and 9 men), with a mean age of 53 years, followed for 5 years. The patients were rehabilitated with 39 fixed prostheses and 169 implants (92 zygomatic implants inserted extra-maxillary and 77 conventional dental implants). A provisional prosthesis was manufactured and attached via multiunit abutments secured to the implants on the same day as implant placement. According to patient desires and each clinical situation, either an acrylic resin, a metal-acrylic or metal-ceramic final prosthesis was inserted approximately 6 months after implant placement. Outcome measures were: prosthesis success; implant success; complications; probing pocket depths; marginal bleeding; and marginal bone levels (only for conventional implants). Data were analysed with descriptive statistics.
Results: Two patients died after 8 and 30 months of follow-up due to causes unrelated to their oral rehabilitations, and 5 patients dropped out of the study. No prosthesis was lost; one zygomatic implant was removed after 46 months of follow-up, giving cumulative success rates of 97% and 98.8% (patient and implant related, respectively). Twelve complications occurred in 12 patients: 5 sinus infections in 5 patients, all with a previous history of sinusitis and whose sinus membrane was disrupted during surgery; one oroantral communication (leading to removal of the implant), 2 all acrylic resin prostheses fractures, 1 ceramic crown fracture (on a metal-ceramic prosthesis); and 3 screw loosenings. Bleeding on probing was recorded in 6 patients (13 implants). Probing pocket depths >4 mm were present in 13 patients (23 implants) at 5 years of follow-up. The average (standard deviation) marginal bone loss on conventional implants was 1.16 mm (0.77 mm) in those 9 patients having the intraoral radiographs.
Conclusions: The long term outcome (5 years) of rehabilitations performed on patients with completely edentulous, severely atrophic maxillae supported by immediately loaded zygomatic implants alone, or in combination with conventional implants, is satisfactory.
Schlagwörter: all-on-4, completely edentulous, dental implants, extra-maxillary, immediate loading, zygomatic implants
Conflict of interest statement: Professor Maló is currently a consultant for Nobel Biocare. This study was not supported by any grant.
International Journal of Oral Implantology, 3/2014
PubMed-ID: 25237673Seiten: 295-304, Sprache: Englisch
Purpose: To report the 5-year outcome of immediately loaded dental implants in patients with untreated periodontal disease.
Materials and methods: This prospective cohort study included 103 consecutive patients (51 females and 52 males) with an average age of 52 years (range: 22 to 80 years) who were rehabilitated with 380 implants supporting 145 prostheses in both jaws (40 single; 33 partial and 72 complete rehabilitations). The implants were inserted in patients with active and untreated periodontitis. The patients did not receive any previous periodontal treatment before implant surgery, except for an oral hygiene session immediately before the implant surgery. In maintenance (every 6 months) patients received periodontal treatment as needed. Outcome measures were: prostheses failures; implant failures; complications; and marginal bone level changes.
Results: Fifteen patients dropped out of the study (14.6%). Two patients lost two implants (FDI positions nos.12 and 42), rendering a cumulative survival rate of 97.9% and 99.4% at 5 years of followup using the patient and implant as unit of analysis, respectively. The average (standard deviation) marginal bone resorption was 0.71 mm (0.42 mm) at 5 years. Mechanical complications occurred in 14 patients, consisting of prostheses fractures (10 provisional prostheses and 4 definitive prostheses). Thirteen implants (3.9%) in 13 patients (14.8%) presented peri-implant pathology.
Conclusions: Within the limitations of this study, it is possible to conclude that the rehabilitation of patients with untreated periodontitis using immediately loaded dental implants is feasible in the medium-term, when periodontal therapy is provided after rehabilitation and the patients are regularly maintained.
Schlagwörter: immediate loading, periodontitis
Conflict of interest statement: This study was supported by a grant from Nobel Biocare Services (grant no. 2012-1099).