The International Journal of Prosthodontics, 3/2022
DOI: 10.11607/ijp.7151Seiten: 343-349, Sprache: Englisch
Purpose: To describe the possible adverse effects of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) solutions, highconcentration alcohol solutions, and povidone-iodine products indicated for disinfection of inanimate surfaces against human coronavirus of the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS-CoV) on prosthesis materials, including zirconia, lithium disilicate, and acrylic resin.
Materials and Methods: A systematic literature research was conducted in the SCOPUS, PubMed/Medline, Web of Science, EMBASE, and Science Direct databases from January 2010 to February 2020 using a combination of the following MeSH/Emtree terms and keywords: “sodium hypochlorite”; “alcohol”; “ethanol”; “povidone-iodine”; “dental ceramic”; “zirconia”; “lithium disilicate”; and “acrylic resin”.
Results: A total of 538 studies were identified in the search during initial screening, 44 were subject to full-text evaluation, and 24 fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Seven articles on zirconia and lithium disilicate investigated the effect of NaOCl (0.5% and 1%), 96% isopropanol, and 80% ethanol on bond strength after saliva contamination. The remaining articles evaluated color alteration, surface roughness modifications, decrease in flexural strength, and bond strength of all cleaning agents on acrylic resin.
Conclusion: NaOCl solution (1%) for 1 minute is recommended to reduce SARSCoV infectivity and to minimize the risk of cross-contamination through prosthetic materials. An increase in surface roughness and color alteration on acrylic resin were recorded using 1% NaOCl, but without any clinical significance. A decrease in bonding strength was determined after using 1% NaOCl, 96% isopropanol, or 80% ethanol solutions on lithium disilicate. Silanization before the try-in procedure and the application of a second layer of silane after cleaning methods are recommended to improve the bond strength.
The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants, 4/2019
DOI: 10.11607/jomi.7161, PubMed-ID: 30779823Seiten: 992-998, Sprache: Englisch
Purpose: To evaluate the influence of the crown-to-implant ratio (CI) on marginal bone loss (MBL) around short dental implants placed in the posterior mandible.
Materials and Methods: All patients treated with short implants (7-mm length) in the posterior mandible between 1994 and 2003 at the Dental Clinic of the Department of Neuroscience of the University of Padua (Italy) were retrospectively included in the analysis. MBL and clinical CI (cCI) were measured on the radiographs. Implant characteristics including implant diameter, prosthetic type, retention mode, antagonist type, veneering material, and implant surfaces were retrieved from local medical records. A generalized linear mixed model was estimated to identify the predictors of MBL.
Results: A total of 108 dental implants placed in 51 patients were included in the analysis. Mean follow-up was 16 years (range: 11 to 20 years). Mean cCI was 2.21 (SD = 0.31) with a mean crown height of 10.86 mm (SD = 0.99). Mean MBL was 1.42 mm (SD = 0.38). At multivariable analysis, cCI ≥ 2 was associated with higher MBL (regression coefficient: 0.27; 95% CI: 0.15 to 0.40), while implant characteristics, follow-up, and site were not associated with MBL. The effect of a cCI ≥ 2 was estimated in an increase of 0.28 mm in MBL (95% CI: 0.14 to 0.43 mm).
Conclusion: Higher cCI was associated with greater MBL of implant-supported fixed dental prostheses in short dental implants placed in the posterior mandible, while implant characteristics, follow-up, and site were not associated with MBL. However, the increase of 0.28 mm of MBL in patients with a cCI ≥ 2 may not be clinically relevant.
Schlagwörter: crown-to-implant ratio, implant-supported dental prosthesis, marginal bone loss, prosthetic parameters, short implant
International Journal of Oral Implantology, 2/2018
PubMed-ID: 29806668Seiten: 215-224, Sprache: Englisch
Purpose: To report the 5-year clinical and aesthetic outcomes of a novel surgical-prosthetic approach for the treatment of buccal soft tissue dehiscence around single dental implants.
Materials and methods: Twenty patients with buccal soft tissues dehiscence around single implants in the aesthetic area were treated by removing the implant-supported crown, reducing the implant abutment, coronally advanced flap in combination with connective tissue graft and final restoration. After the first year, patients were recalled three times a year until the final clinical re-evaluation performed 5 years after the final prosthetic crown. Complications, bleeding on probing (BoP), peri-implant probing depth (PPD), clinical attachment level (CAL), keratinized tissue height (KTH), soft tissue coverage and thickness (STT), patient satisfaction (VAS) and aesthetic assessment (PES/WES) were evaluated 5 years after the final restoration.
Results: Of the 20 patients enrolled in the study, 19 completed the study at 5 years. A total of 99.2% mean soft tissue dehiscence coverage, with 79% of complete dehiscence coverage, was achieved at 5 years. A statistically significant increase in buccal soft tissue thickness (0.3 mm 0.1-0.4 P < 0.001) and keratinized tissue height (0.5 mm 0.0-1.0; P < 0.001) at 5 years with respect to 1 year was demonstrated. The patient aesthetic evaluation showed high VAS scores with no statistical difference between 1 year and 5 years (8.75 ± 1.02 and 8.95 ± 0.91 respectively). A statistical significant PES/WES score improvement was observed between baseline and 5 years (9.48 ± 2.68; P < 0.001), but not between 1 and 5 years.
Conclusions: Successful aesthetic and soft tissue dehiscence coverage outcomes were well maintained at 5 years. The strict regimen of post-surgical control visits and the emphasis placed on the control of the toothbrushing technique could be critical for the successful long-term maintenance of soft tissue dehiscence coverage results.
Schlagwörter: aesthetics, connective tissue, dental implant, mucogingival surgery, soft tissue dehiscence
Conflict-of-interest statement: The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
QZ - Quintessenz Zahntechnik, 8/2017
Seiten: 1022, Sprache: Deutsch
QZ - Quintessenz Zahntechnik, 4/2017
Seiten: 552, Sprache: Deutsch
The International Journal of Prosthodontics, 4/2016
DOI: 10.11607/ijp.4811, PubMed-ID: 27479348Seiten: 384-388, Sprache: Englisch
Purpose: Various materials and systems for bonding lithium disilicate to the tooth substrate are available to clinicians, who can adapt the materials to each clinical situation to maximize the performance of indirect esthetic restorations. This study aimed to evaluate the degree of conversion (DC) and the microhardness (MH) of a dual-curing and a light-curing cement under lithium disilicate discs of different thicknesses.
Materials and Methods: A total of 48 lithium disilicate (IPS e.max CAD, Ivoclar Vivadent) samples were prepared and divided into three groups (n = 16) according to the thickness (group A was 0.6 mm; group B was 1.0 mm; group C was 1.5 mm). Each group was further divided into two subgroups (n = 8) according to the resin cement employed, NX3 (Kerr) or Choice 2 (Bisco). A standardized quantity of cement was placed on the sample, and DC was evaluated with an attenuated total reflectance Fourier transformed infrared spectrophotometer (Nicolet IS10, Thermo Scientific). Twenty-four hours after DC was established, Vickers test was performed on the cement with a microindentometer (Leica Microsystems). Results were statistically analyzed with analysis of variance test and significance set at P < .05.
Results: Statistical analysis showed cement type had a significant influence (P = .005) on DC. MH results were influenced by thicknesses only between 0.6 and 1.5 mm when light-cured cement was employed.
Conclusion: The light-curing and the dualcuring cements reached comparable DCs between 0.6 and 1.5 mm. However, the light-curing resin showed a higher DC and MH.
The Journal of Adhesive Dentistry, 2/2016
DOI: 10.3290/j.jad.a35908, PubMed-ID: 27042706Seiten: 143-149, Sprache: Englisch
Purpose: To evaluate the fracture strength and the failure mode of endodontically treated teeth restored with composite resin overlays with and without glass-fiber reinforcement.
Materials and Methods: A total of 32 extracted molars were divided into four equal groups. In the NFR-NFRC (no foundation restoration, no fiber-reinforced composite) and NFR-FRC (no foundation restoration, fiber-reinforced composite) groups, only a 5-mm-thick composite resin layer sealed the pulp chamber floors, whereas in the FR-NFRC (foundation restoration, no fiber-reinforced composite) and FR-FRC (foundation restoration, fiber-reinforced composite) groups, a 3.0-mm foundation restoration was used. NFR-NFRC and FR-NFRC groups were restored with composite resin overlays, whereas NFR-FRC and FR-FRC groups were restored with fiber-reinforced composite resin overlays. All specimens were subjected to mechanical loading in a computer-controlled masticator and then the fracture resistance was evaluated. Differences in means were compared using two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test. The level of significance was set at ɑ = 0.05.
Results: All specimens successfully completed the fatigue test. The least fracture-resistant group was NFR-FRC, exceeded by FR-NFRC, NFR-NFRC, and FR-FRC, in that order, with FR-FRC being the most fracture-resistant group. Statistically significant differences were detected between the pairs NFR-NFRC/FR-FRC (p = 0.001), NFR-FRC/FR-FRC (p = 0.001), and FR-NFRC/FR-FRC (p = 0.001). Eight vertical root fractures occurred in group FR-NFRC, six in group NFR-NFRC, four in group NFR-FRC, and none occurred in group FR-FRC.
Conclusions: Within the limitations of this in vitro study, the incorporation of glass fibers and the presence of a foundation restoration were found to increase the fracture resistance and can favorably influence the fracture mode.
Schlagwörter: molars, resin-bonded onlays, root fractures
The Journal of Adhesive Dentistry, 6/2015
DOI: 10.3290/j.jad.a35251, PubMed-ID: 26734682Seiten: 567-574, Sprache: Englisch
Purpose: To evaluate the marginal adaptation and fracture load of composite resin onlays reinforced with different substructures.
Materials and Methods: Thirty-two extracted, caries-free premolars were selected for this study and endodontically treated. Group 1 was used as the control group, and the teeth were restored only with as-manufactured composite resin overlays. Group 2 teeth were restored with composite resin overlays with 3 fiber-reinforced composite (FRC) layers placed horizontally on the bottom of the restoration. Group 3 teeth were restored with composite resin overlays with 6 fiber-reinforced composite (FRC) layers placed as in group 2. Group 4 teeth were restored with composite resin overlays and FRC placed with an anatomical design. All specimens underwent SEM evaluation of their marginal adaptation before and after thermocycling and cyclic mechanical loading. All specimens were then subjected to a fracture test, recording the value for the initial (IF) and final (FF) failure. Differences in the means were compared using matched-pairs t-tests and one-way ANOVA. The level of significance was set at α = 0.05.
Results: No statistically significant difference between the four groups in terms of marginal adaptation was observed at the tooth/luting composite and luting composite/overlay interfaces before and after loading. The fracture loads of IF and FF, from most to least resistant were: group 4 (1431.8 ± 294.3 N / 1710.1 ± 326.6 N), group 3 (1428.1 ± 251.4 N / 1467.9 ± 242.4 N), group 2 (852.6 ± 413.5 N / 1058.1 ± 251.5 N) and group 1 (899.8 ± 352.7 N / 923.5 ± 318.8 N). Significant differences (p = 0.026) were observed comparing group 1 to groups 2 and 3, and group 1 to 4. Three irreparable fractures were found in group 3, four in group 2, and five in groups 1 and 4.
Conclusions: The presence or absence of reinforcement and the different configuration of the reinforcement fibers affect fracture strength but only partially the failure modality. The presence or absence of reinforcement does not alter marginal adaptation.
Schlagwörter: FRC, endodontically treated teeth, glass fibers, fracture, marginal adaptation, onlays
International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry, 5/2015
DOI: 10.11607/prd.2444, PubMed-ID: 26357690Seiten: 600-611, Sprache: Englisch
The aim of the present case series article was to provide a standardized approach for the early restorative phase after a crown-lengthening surgical procedure. Different advantages can be ascribed to this approach: the clinician can prepare a definitive prosthetic finishing line in the supragingival location; the early postsurgical temporization allows the conditioning of soft tissues, especially the interdental papillae, during their maximum growing phase; and the clinician can choose the time for the definitive prosthetic rehabilitation in a patient-specific manner according to the individual potential and duration of the soft tissue rebound. In this study, this standardized approach was applied to the treatment of two esthetic cases requiring crown-lengthening procedures.
The International Journal of Prosthodontics, 3/2015
DOI: 10.11607/ijp.4023, PubMed-ID: 25965635Seiten: 236-238, Sprache: Englisch
Purpose: The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to evaluate the clinical performance of tooth-supported zirconia-based fixed dental prostheses (FDPs) made by 15 members of the Italian Academy of Prosthetic Dentistry over a time period of up to 5 years.
Materials and Methods: Ninety-eight patients were treated with a total of 137 zirconia-based FDPs in anterior and posterior regions using primarily chamfer or knife-edge tooth preparations. The cohort group with parafunctional habits was compared with patients without parafunctional habits according to the esthetic, functional, and biologic United States Public Health Service criteria modified by the FDI World Dental Federation.
Results: The estimated cumulative survival of all restorations was 94.70% ± 1.25% standard error (SE), whereas the estimated cumulative success decreased to 89.78% ± 2.58 SE. Mechanical failures, including three zirconia framework fractures, two hairline cracks, nine chippings, and one delamination of the ceramic veneering, were recorded during the 1- to 5-year observation period. An odds ratio of 2.02 (95% confidence interval: 0.67 to 6.12) showed a moderate association between parafunction and failure.
Conclusions: Zirconia-based tooth-supported FDPs showed promising clinical results over a period of up to 5 years. Technical complications were more commonly detected in patients with parafunctional habits.