The Journal of Adhesive Dentistry, 5/2013
DOI: 10.3290/j.jad.a29536, PubMed-ID: 23560260Seiten: 407-412, Sprache: Englisch
Purpose: To evaluate the potential for phosphoric acid solutions - common constituents of dental adhesive systems - of varying pH to solubilize dentin matrix components (DMCs) from human dentin.
Materials and Methods: Human dentin chips were ground under liquid nitrogen to a powder (ca 100 µm) and incubated at 4°C with agitation in phosphoric acid of pH 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 (1 g/4 ml; n = 4) for six days with solution changes each day. Estimates of daily protein release were made by UV spectrophotometry at 280 nm. Extract solutions were dialyzed for 7 days in reverse osmosis water, lyophilized, and weighed. Non-collagenous proteins (NCPs) and glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) were quantitated by dye-binding assays. 1D-PAGE for preliminary protein characterization and sandwich ELISA for presence of TGF-ß1 were performed. The results were analyzed by ANOVA and regression (α
Schlagwörter: dental material, phosphoric acid, dentin matrix components, dentin, solubilization, protein, glycosaminoglycan
Quintessence International, 10/2009
PubMed-ID: 19898716Seiten: 843-847, Sprache: Englisch
Objective: To determine whether temperature affects the polymerization shrinkage of composite resin.
Method and Materials: Volumetric shrinkage of a microfill composite was measured using a video-imaging device. The material was cooled to 4°C or heated to 37°C, 54°C, or 68°C. Room-temperature (20°C) composite was used as the control. The composite was light activated using a quartz-tungsten-halogen curing device. Polymerization shrinkage was recorded at 1-minute intervals for 10 minutes after the beginning of photoinitiation. The data were subjected to ANOVA, Fisher's PLSD test, and linear regression analysis (α = 0.05).
Results: Volumetric shrinkage ranged from 0.2% to 4.7%. Shrinkage of the composite at 37°C was similar to that at room temperature. Preheating the composite to 54°C or 68°C significantly increased shrinkage. The apparent polymerization shrinkage of the refrigerated composite was significantly less than that of the control, although this might have been an artifact of the test method. Regression analysis revealed a strong correlation between temperature and volumetric shrinkage.
Conclusion: Preheating composite to relatively high temperatures (54°C or 68°C) to increase its flow and adaptation causes an increase in volumetric shrinkage. At body temperature, composite shrinkage is similar to that at room temperature.
Schlagwörter: composite resin, polymerization shrinkage, preheating