DOI: 10.3290/j.qi.b3315475, PubMed-ID: 35976737Seiten: 653-654, Sprache: Englisch
DOI: 10.3290/j.qi.b3094955, PubMed-ID: 35674164Seiten: 656-665, Sprache: Englisch
Objective: To carry out a morphometric analysis of small oval root canals prepared with different instruments (part 1) and filled with different sealers (part 2).
Method and materials: Ninety extracted mandibular incisors with small oval root canals were instrumented with Self-Adjusting File (n = 45), XP-endo Finisher (n = 15), GentleFile (n = 15), or Reciproc (n = 15). All groups of part 1 were filled with AH Plus (n = 15 each). For part 2 (including group Self-Adjusting File/AH Plus) teeth instrumented with Self-Adjusting File were additionally filled with GuttaFlow Bioseal (n = 15) or Total Fill BC sealer (n = 15). All sealers were placed with a lentulo and filled with master point and additional points. Serial cuts were made at 1-mm intervals up to 10 mm. Total root canal area, percentage of gutta-percha filled area (PGFA), sealer, voids, and debris were evaluated using interactive image analysis software.
Results: Preparation with Reciproc caused significantly wider canals than with Self-Adjusting File, GentleFile, or XP-endo Finisher, but also resulted in the greatest PGFA and lowest percentage of sealer (P ≤ .05). Following XP-endo Finisher, the significantly greatest percentage of debris (30%) was found 1 mm from the apex (P ≤ .05). Regarding different sealers, only minor differences were found (GuttaFlow Bioseal: less percentage of sealer at 2 and 3 mm levels [P ≤ .05]).
Conclusion: Within the limits of this study Reciproc caused the greatest substance loss, but also the most favorable PGFA. The apical debris accumulation with XP-endo Finisher needs further investigation. The sealers under investigation performed equally well.
Schlagwörter: GentleFile, GuttaFlow Bioseal, Self-Adjusting File, small oval root canal, Total Fill BC sealer, XP Endo Finisher
DOI: 10.3290/j.qi.b3149423, PubMed-ID: 35726549Seiten: 666-675, Sprache: Englisch
Objective: This retrospective study aimed to evaluate tooth loss and the evolution of periodontal inflammatory parameters within a strict nonsurgically treated patient cohort with < 2 supportive periodontal care visits per year, defined as minimal periodontal basic care, of 2.5 to 10.7 years.
Method and materials: Data for nonsurgically treated patients were checked for: complete periodontal examination data at baseline (T0), after active periodontal therapy (T1), and after ≥ 2.5 years of supportive periodontal care (T2); smoking, diabetes mellitus, age (at least 18 years), plaque and gingival indices, bleeding on probing, percentage of residual pockets, supportive periodontal care adherence, and number of supportive periodontal care visits were assessed as risk factors for tooth loss.
Results: In total, 132 patients were included (76 female, mean age 56.7 ± 10.3 years), mean T1–T2: 4.5 ± 1.6 years. 26.5% of all patients lost 118 teeth (0.5 teeth/patient, 0.12 teeth/patient/year). Plaque and bleeding parameters were: mean plaque control record, 59.77 ± 28.07%; mean Papilla Bleeding Index, 47.46 ± 34.12%; mean bleeding on probing, 33.46 ± 21.52%. Supportive periodontal care duration (P = .013) and T2 bleeding on probing (P = .048) were identified as patient-related risk factors for tooth loss.
Conclusion: Minimal periodontal basic care was characterized by elevated bleeding on probing, Papilla Bleeding Index, and plaque control record scores. This possibly highlights a lack of consequent applied surgical intervention (if needed) transitioning into regular supportive periodontal care, including insufficient patient behavioral changes regarding domestic oral hygiene procedures and possibly nonaddressed proinflammatory dietary habits as a negative effect. An apparently low tooth loss rate could be observed. The duration of supportive periodontal care was identified as a risk factor for tooth loss.
Schlagwörter: nonsurgical periodontal therapy, periodontal risk factors, supportive periodontal therapy, tooth loss
DOI: 10.3290/j.qi.b3045089, PubMed-ID: 35674167Seiten: 678-688, Sprache: Englisch
Objectives: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the influence of the ceramic thickness, cement shade, and airborne-particle abrasion of the titanium on the final color of titanium base cemented lithium disilicate glass-ceramic restorations.
Method and materials: In total, 144 lithium disilicate glass-ceramic disks of three thicknesses (0.5, 1.0, and 1.5 mm) were cemented to airborne-particle-abraded and non-airborne-particle-abraded titanium disks with six adhesive resin cements. The color measurements were performed with a clinical spectrophotometer. The mean and standard deviation of evaluated ΔE values were calculated. A three-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used for analyzing the data. Statistical analyses were computed with a significance level of α = .05 using a statistical software program (Minitab 17, Minitab).
Results: The 0.5- and 1-mm-thick ceramic specimens cemented with Panavia V5 Opaque showed the lowest ΔE values when cemented on both non-airborne-particle-abraded (5.62 ± 1.66, 3.15 ± 1.28) and airborne-particle-abraded (5.55 ± 0.86, 3.16 ± 0.49) surfaces, while the highest values were seen in the groups cemented with RelyX U200 A2 (29.22 ± 0.83, 17.23 ± 0.45) and Panavia V5 A2 (29.94 ± 1.17, 16.71 ± 0.44) on airborne-particle-abraded surfaces. For the 1.5-mm-thick ceramics, the lowest ΔE values were seen when Multilink MO 0 cement was used on non-airborne-particle-abraded surfaces (1.56 ± 0.29) and when Panavia V5 Opaque was used on airborne-particle-abraded surfaces (1.56 ± 0.66). The highest values were seen when RelyX U200 A2 (9.77 ± 1.13), PA2 (9.24 ± 0.25), and Multilink HO 0 (9.19 ± 1.33) were used on airborne-particle-abraded surfaces, and when Multilink HO 0 (9.61 ± 1.70) was used on non-airborne-particle-abraded surfaces. The 1-mm-thick ceramics cemented with Multilink HO 0 showed higher ΔE values (12.05 ± 1.99) for airborne-particle-abraded and non-airborne-particle-abraded (12.58 ± 1.06) than thinner (0.5 mm) or thicker (1.5 mm) ceramics.
Conclusion: Thinnest ceramic superstructures resulted in the highest ΔE values. Cements that mask the underlying color reflect their own shade under thin superstructures. Airborne-particle abrasion of titanium surfaces increases the grayish reflectance if cement shade does not have the color masking ability.
Schlagwörter: adhesive cement, airborne-particle abrasion, color, custom abutment, titanium base
DOI: 10.3290/j.qi.b3095013, PubMed-ID: 35674172Seiten: 690-696, Sprache: Englisch
Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the long-term prognosis of short implants (5 to 6 mm) placed in the posterior region of the atrophic mandible.
Method and materials: The study included 81 patients with severe vertical atrophy of the bone in the posterior region. The patients had 248 short implants (5 to 6 mm) implants placed in the mandibular posterior region and 256 implants with length greater than 10 mm in the mandibular anterior region. Analysis of implant and prosthesis failures, cumulative survival rate, and marginal bone loss was determined at 1 year and 5 years of follow-up (58 ± 7 months).
Results: Mean marginal bone loss after 1 year of prosthetic loading was 0.74 mm for short implants and 0.72 mm for implants with length greater than 10 mm; after 5 years of prosthetic loading this was 1.27 mm for short implants and 1.31 mm for implants with length greater than 10 mm. Of 248 short implants (5 to 6 mm), six failed: four due to peri-implantitis and two due to lack of osseointegration (early rejection). Of 256 implants with length greater than 10 mm, five failed: three due to peri-implantitis and two due to lack of osseointegration (early rejection). On average, over the observation period (58 ± 7 months), the 5-year cumulative implant survival rate was 97.8% in short implants, and 98.1% in longer implants; the prosthesis cumulative survival rate was 98.2%.
Conclusions: Based on the results, it was concluded that the prognosis of the use of short implants for prosthetics in the posterior resorbed mandible can be considered favorable and reasonable.
Schlagwörter: atrophic posterior mandible, prosthodontic rehabilitation, short implants
DOI: 10.3290/j.qi.b3240043, PubMed-ID: 35976738Seiten: 698-705, Sprache: Englisch
Objective: To systematically evaluate and meta-analyze the short-and long-term clinical and radiologic failure rates of Biodentine versus formocresol as pulpotomy medicaments in primary teeth.
Data sources: Relevant medical databases were searched until May 2021 for randomized controlled trials that used Biodentine and formocresol as pulpotomy medicaments in primary teeth with deep caries. Primary outcomes included clinical and radiologic failure rates at 12 months. Secondary outcomes were clinical and radiologic failure rates at 3, 6, 9, 13 to 24, and 25 to 48 months.
Results: Nine randomized controlled trials (N = 626) with low risk of bias were included. Pooled analysis showed that compared to formocresol, Biodentine had significantly lower clinical failure rates (relative risk [RR] 0.16; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.03 to 0.87; six randomized controlled trials; N = 394; GRADE, low) and radiologic failure rates (RR 0.19; 95% CI 0.08 to 0.49; six randomized controlled trials; N = 393; GRADE, low) at 12 months. Radiologic failure rates at 6 and 9 months were significantly lower in the Biodentine group compared to the formocresol group.
Conclusion: Compared to formocresol, Biodentine may be a superior medicament when used for pulpotomy in primary teeth. Adequately powered randomized controlled trials are needed to substantiate this evidence.
Schlagwörter: Biodentine, children, formocresol, primary teeth, pulpotomy
DOI: 10.3290/j.qi.b3094975, PubMed-ID: 35674163Seiten: 706-711, Sprache: Englisch
This report presents the therapeutic approach and results of a case of impacted undeveloped double teeth using 3D simulation in a school-age child. A 10-year-old girl was referred to hospital for the evaluation and treatment of fully impacted premolar double teeth in the left maxillary area. After evaluation, the double teeth were surgically removed, hemisected, and replanted after modification. For accurate surgery, replicas were made of the double teeth using CBCT and a 3D printer, and several mock surgeries were performed. Although remarkable signs for clinical and radiologic pathology were not found at the 5-month follow-up, short root with infraocclusion was found at the 30-month follow-up. This treatment widened the treatment spectrum with modern diagnostic approaches and preparation in large double teeth in children.
Schlagwörter: 3D printer, CBCT, double teeth, hemisection, replantation
DOI: 10.3290/j.qi.b3094989, PubMed-ID: 35674162Seiten: 712-720, Sprache: Englisch
Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP) is an extremely rare autosomal dominant disorder characterized by congenital skeletal malformation and progressive heterotopic ossification. In the oral and maxillofacial region, deformity of the temporomandibular joint is a common feature of FOP, as well as restricted mouth opening derived from heterotopic ossification in the masticatory muscles. Since surgical procedures are generally not recommended because of the risk of flare-ups and increased heterotopic ossification, reports of tooth extractions and their outcomes in patients with FOP are limited. The present article reports the long-term oral outcomes of three Japanese patients with FOP, in whom the teeth were deliberately extracted to avoid the risk of oral inflammation causing further heterotopic ossification. The extractions were conducted under local or general anesthesia, and healing of sockets was nonproblematic with the formation of new bone. Undesirable events, including progression of heterotopic ossification in the oral and maxillofacial region and further restriction of mouth opening, were not apparent. The extractions also alleviated the existing inflammation, contributing to maintaining their oral hygiene. These cases suggest that deliberate planning and judicious surgery could induce favorable healing after tooth extractions in patients with FOP, leading to long-term stability of their oral health status.
Schlagwörter: fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP), long-term dental outcomes
DOI: 10.3290/j.qi.b3236409, PubMed-ID: 35976739Seiten: 722-731, Sprache: Englisch
Objectives: Many treatment options accepted for unsalvageable traumatized teeth in adults would seem contraindicated in children and adolescents. Instead, growing patients need interim restorative measures, thus extensively preserving their local bone and soft tissue structures and, ideally, preparing the involved site for later definitive restoration while they transform to skeletal maturity. This narrative topic review addresses the interim management in case of very deep intra-extra-alveolar fractures, extensive infection-related root resorption, tooth ankylosis, and anterior tooth loss in growing patients, and seeks to empower the clinician to select the appropriate treatment approach.
Data sources: The literature up to 2021 was reviewed based on several scoping searches on PubMed and the Cochrane Library using relevant terms. Due to the complexity of the topic (with various poor prognosis scenarios and the differing therapeutic options), a systematic review was deemed inappropriate.
Conclusion: Suitable interim treatment options include extrusion of teeth showing deep intra-extra-alveolar fractures, and decoronation of ankylosed teeth as well as resin-bonded ﬁxed dental prostheses, natural tooth pontics, and primary tooth autotransplantations after tooth loss. The interim management options described in this article represent compromises chosen in the absence of better alternatives after a careful risk-benefit analysis. However, if adequately performed, the presented treatment options have the potential to achieve the temporary restoration of function and esthetics in growing patients. Close clinical and (if appropriate) radiologic monitoring of these patients is considered mandatory to ensure early detection of possible complications that might jeopardize or could render impossible subsequent therapeutic measures. (Quintessence Int 2022;53:722–731; doi: 10.3290/j.qi.b3236409; Modified from a previously published article (in German) Quintessenz 2022;73(2):162–169)
Schlagwörter: ankylosis, autotransplantation, decoronation, dental trauma, extrusion, fracture, resin-bonded ﬁxed dental prosthesis, resorption