Purpose: The objective of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the relationship between ABO blood groups and periodontal diseases.
Keywords: ABO blood-group system, genetic, gingivitis, periodontitis, Rh-Hr blood-group system
Materials and Methods: Four hundred sixteen subjects (223 females, 193 males) were recruited according to the eligibility criteria. Periodontal examination was performed, including full-mouth plaque index (PI), bleeding on probing (BOP), clinical attachment level (CAL), and interproximal bone loss (IBL). ABO blood group patterns were determined based on self-reports, confirmed by medical records. The chi-squared test was done to evaluate the data (p < 0.05).
Results: Out of the 416 subjects, 52.2% were blood group O, whereas 27.8% were blood group A. 46.8% of patients with blood group O had gingivitis and 49.6% had periodontitis. 31.2% of patients with blood group A had gingivitis,while 29.5% had periodontitis. The blood group with the lowest percentage among patients with gingivitis was AB, with a rate of 6.2%; in this blood group, 8.1% had periodontitis.
Conclusions: There is no association between periodontal diseases and ABO blood group types.