Successful treatment of peri-implantitis requires decontamination of implant surfaces exposed to biofilms and byproducts of tissue inflammation. In this regard, dental lasers may provide a clinical benefit. While the inherent characteristics of specific laser wavelengths may damage titanium implant surfaces, in vitro and animal studies have shown that damage to the target surface can be avoided with the selection of appropriate laser parameters. In this in situ human study, five hopeless implants were irradiated, each by one of the following lasers: Nd:YAG (1,064 nm), Er,Cr:YSGG (2,780 nm), Er:YAG (2,940 nm), CO2 (9,300 nm), and CO2 (10,600 nm) at their recommended settings. All implants were then removed and examined under scanning electron microscopy for the presence of residual bacteria and to assess the extent of damage to the implant surface. An additional implant (implant no. six) was irradiated and evaluated by the Limulus Amebocyte Lysate test for the presence of residual lipopolysaccharide endotoxin. The results showed that while there were localized areas of heat-related damage to an implant surface following laser irradiation, residual bacteria were rarely noted. Additionally, the Limulus Amebocyte Lysate test indicated a nearly complete removal of endotoxin. With the use of appropriate settings, all current dental lasers can be utilized for implant surface decontamination in a human.