Purpose: To evaluate the long-term effect of different surface treatments on the repair microtensile bond strength (µTBS) of resin composite using a universal adhesive.
Keywords: bond durability, resin composite repair, surface treatments, universal adhesive
Materials and Methods: Thirty-six resin composite blocks were fabricated and aged in 37°C distilled water for 1 month. The blocks were randomly assigned to different surface treatments: no treatment (control); diamond bur grinding (D); diamond bur + phosphoric acid cleaning (DP); diamond bur + silane application (DSi); diamond bur + phosphoric acid + silane (DPSi); and grit blasting with 50 µm H3PO4 particles + phosphoric acid + silane (APSi). Thereafter, Single Bond Universal adhesive was applied and repaired with the same composite. Composite-composite stick-shaped specimens were fabricated and subjected to the µTBS test either after 37°C water storage for 24 h or thermocycling for 10,000 cycles. Roughness of different surface-prepared specimens was measured by profilometer. Data were analysed using ANOVA and Duncan’s post-hoc test (α = 0.05). Failure mode and micromorphology of different surface-prepared specimens were observed with SEM and EDS analysis.
Results: The highest µTBS was found in DPSi group at 24 h, and was significantly higher than others. The bond strengths in all thermocycled groups were significantly lower than those measured at 24 h. The highest µTBS was also found in the DPSi group, but this did not significantly differ from the DSi group.
Conclusion: Thermocycling significantly reduced the repair bond strength. Diamond bur roughening with application of silane and universal adhesive yielded the highest repair bond strength for the aged resin composite.