Purpose: To evaluate the performance of sealing materials used in the screw-access holes of screw-retained implant final superstructures in vivo and in vitro.
Keywords: access hole, dental prosthesis, implant restoration, microbiological evaluation, prevention of peri-implantitis, sealing material, sealing properties
Materials and Methods: Twenty-one screw-access holes in the final superstructures were randomly divided into three groups (each group, n = 7). Following disinfection and isolation, all access holes were initially filled with sterilised cotton pellets of the same weight. Depending on the group, the access holes were finally sealed with either provisional composite restorations (group A), self-curing resin for provisional sealing (group B), or acrylic resin (group C). After one month of the functional period, the inner cotton pellets were collected as bacterial reservoirs.
Results: Total aerobic bacteria and total gram-negative anaerobic bacteria were measured after bacterial culture for 48 h and 72 h, respectively. In vitro evaluation of porosity using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was also performed. Samples from superstructures sealed with provisional composite restorations showed fewer bacteria and less porosity than samples from superstructures sealed with self-curing resin for provisional sealing and acrylic resin. In this study, provisional composite restorations showed the best sealing properties. Provisional composite restorations may prevent bacterial invasion of the access holes of the final superstructures.
Conclusion: In this study, provisional composite restorations showed the best sealing properties. Provisional composite restorations may prevent bacterial invasion of the access holes of the final superstructures.