Objective: To compare the sequential healing of maxillary sinuses grafted with two different xenogeneic bone substitutes processed at either a low (300°C) or high (1200ºC) temperature.
Keywords: animal study, bone healing, histology, sinus floor augmentation, sinus membrane
Methods: A sinus augmentation procedure was performed bilaterally in 20 rabbits and two different xenogeneic bone grafts were randomly used to fill the elevated spaces. Healing was studied after 2 and 10 weeks, in 10 rabbits during each period.
Results: After 2 weeks of healing, very small amounts of new bone were observed in both groups, and were mainly confined to close to the sinus bone walls and osteotomy edges. After 10 weeks of healing, new bone was found in all regions, with higher percentages in those close to the bone walls and to the osteotomy. In this period of healing, the proportion of new bone in the 300°C group was 20.0% ± 4.3%, and in the 1200ºC group it was 17.2% ± 4.3% (P = 0.162). In the 1200ºC group, translucent, dark fog-like shadows in regions of the grafts were hiding portions of new bone (interpenetrating bone network).
Conclusion: Both biomaterials provided conditions that allowed bone growth within the elevated space, confirming that both biomaterials are suitable to be used as a graft for sinus floor augmentation.