Purpose: To present a new restorative technique for the restoration of teeth with deep subgingival hard tissue defects extending down to the osseous crest without additional surgical or orthodontic interventions by combining mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and composite material.
Keywords: MTA matrix technique, restoration of deep cavities, treatment technique, supracrestal tissue attachment, biological width, deep subgingival hard tissue defects, mineral trioxide aggregate
Materials and Methods: The MTA matrix technique starts by deeply inserting a metal matrix as far down to the bone level as possible. The matrix should then be fixated with a matrix holder in its end position. If the matrix band does not seal tightly in the deepest area of the cavity, small portions of MTA are carefully applied to the lower end of the inner side of the matrix band. The MTA acts as a barrier for fluid control. Additional haemostasis is not necessary. Subsequently, the tooth is restored with an etch-and-rinse adhesive and composite resin. The clinical effects were observed in a case series of three patients over a period of 3 to 4.5 years.
Results: Excellent outcomes were observed clinically and radiologically. Teeth restored with the MTA matrix technique showed no failures due to the materials used or due to secondary caries or periodontal inflammation after an observation period of 3 to 4.5 years. Probing depths ranged from 2 to 4 mm without bleeding on probing, including the subgingivally restored areas.
Conclusion: Although only a few casuistic observations are available to date, by using the MTA matrix technique, successful restoration of teeth with subgingival defects down to the alveolar bone crest seems possible without the need of additional surgical or orthodontic measures. Further clinical studies are necessary to confirm the feasibility of this technique.