Purpose: To evaluate biologic and esthetic outcomes, as well as the patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), of full-mouth rehabilitations in patients suffering from generalized erosive and/or abrasive tooth wear following the 3-step technique.
Materials and methods: Patients who received a minimally invasive full-mouth rehabilitation according to the 3-step technique and who were treated at the University of Geneva and/or in a private practice were considered for inclusion. The minimum service time of the restorations was 12 months. The biologic outcomes were analyzed by assessing pocket probing depth (PPD), Plaque Index (PI), and bleeding on probing (BOP). Furthermore, secondary caries, tooth vitality, and sensitivity to temperature were evaluated using the modified United States Public Health Service (USPHS) criteria. The esthetic outcomes were rated with the White Esthetic Score (WES). Finally, PROMs were evaluated using visual analog scales (VAS).
Results: A total of 19 patients with 406 restorations (149 direct composite resins, 110 indirect composite resin/ceramic onlays, and 147 composite resin/ceramic veneers) were examined after a mean follow-up of 71.8 ± 28.6 months. Periodontal parameters were good (mPPD = 2.9 ± 0.4; mPI = 0.1 ± 0.2; and mBOP = 0.05 ± 0.1). No secondary caries were found, and no abutment tooth had lost vitality. A total of 36 abutment teeth had moderate sensitivity, but none presented pronounced sensitivity. The rehabilitations exhibited good esthetic outcomes (mWES = 8.4 ± 1.9). Patients reported satisfying esthetic results of their rehabilitations (mean VAS = 9.2 ± 1.6) and considered their treatment as comfortable (mean VAS = 8.2 ± 2.1), while the least favorably rated parameter was the cost of treatment (mean VAS = 4.1 ± 3.2).
Conclusion: Minimally invasive full-mouth rehabilitations of patients with generalized tooth wear by means of the 3-step technique exhibit very good clinical medium-term results with respect to biologic and objective/subjective esthetic outcomes. The patient satisfaction with this treatment was high.