Purpose: To identify the impact of residual bone height on 5-year implant survival and prosthetic complication rates in patients who underwent maxillary sinus grafting.
Keywords: atrophic maxilla, longitudinal studies, residual bone height, sinus floor augmentation, survival
Materials and Methods: A total of 87 consecutive patients were treated with 104 lateral approach maxillary sinus floor augmentation procedures with 100% deproteinized bovine bone and received 169 implants. The analysis considered patient age, sex, time of implant placement, and residual bone height. Patients with < 3 mm residual bone height were assigned to the study group; otherwise, they were placed in the control group.
Results: The mean follow-up was 68.2 months (0 to 103 months). The mean residual bone height was 1.8 mm in the study group and 4.1 mm in the control group. The 5-year implant survival and prosthetic complication rates were, respectively, 97.4% and 8.0% in the study group and 100% and 12.5% in the control group. Residual bone height, sex, age, and time of implant placement were not significant factors for the 5-year implant survival or prosthetic complication rate. The lateral bone wall was significantly thinner in the study group. The grafted bone height reduction was significantly different at 6 months and 2 years postoperation in both groups, but there was no difference in the change in grafted bone height reduction over time between the two groups.
Conclusion: A residual bone height < 3 mm did not impact the survival rates of implants placed in grafted maxillary sinuses or the prosthetic complication rate after 5 years of functional loading.