Purpose: The objective of this in vitro study was to evaluate the activity of local gel containing metronidazole (MN) in the leakage area, which was analyzed by the DNA-DNA checkerboard hybridization method.
Keywords: bacteria, dental implant-abutment connection, dental implants, DNA sequencing, microbiology
Materials and Methods: Thirty-six sets of Morse taper/mini-pillar implants were used in this study. These implants were equally divided into the following three groups: MN gel (test group), no MN gel (negative test group), and no gel (control). The gel was prepared with metronidazole (15%). Unstimulated saliva samples were collected, transferred to a Falcon tube, and stored at 37°C. The sets were partially immersed in microtubes containing 300 μL of saliva and were incubated at 37°C ± 1°C for 7 days. Microbial infiltration was evaluated (37 bacterial species and 5 species of Candida). The results were analyzed with Wald-Type, ANOVA, and multiple comparisons analysis between groups.
Results: After comparing the quantity of microorganisms, both gel-treated groups (no MN gel and MN gel) had more significant microorganism presence than the control group (P < .001), and no significant result was found between the no MN gel and MN gel groups (P > .05). Regarding the bacteria found, the most common were Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Prevotella melaninogenica, Bacteroides fragilis, and Candida tropicalis.
Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, it was concluded that the gel containing metronidazole used in this study was not effective in preventing the infiltration of microorganisms through the Morse taper implant-abutment interface.