Purpose: To verify a novel method that improves the accuracy of static computer-aided implant surgery (sCAIS) through intraoperative measurement.
Keywords: accuracy evaluation, angular deviation, implant placement, implant surgical guide, intraoperative measurement, linear deviation
Materials and methods: Forty-seven patients were selected for this study, each with a missing tooth or a tooth that required extraction from the anterior area. The patients were divided into the intraoperative measuring guide (MG) and conventional guide (CG) groups. Following the preoperative implant planning, the surgical guides were designed and fabricated. In the MG group, the drill was guided by double-armed zirconia sleeves, and the axial direction of the drill was assessed using the indicator components. The implant was guided using a resin guide tube. In the CG group, the drills were guided using a metal sleeve and handles, and the implants were placed with the guidance of the metal sleeve only. The angular and linear deviations at the entry and apex between the planned and actual implant positions were measured after matching the preoperative and postoperative CBCT data. The independent-samples t test was used to compare the deviation between the MG and CG groups.
Results: The 3D deviations for the MG group at the entry and apex were 0.67 ± 0.44 mm and 0.93 ± 0.40 mm, respectively. The angular deviation was 2.27 ± 0.96 degrees. Statistical differences were found in the 3D deviation at the entry point and apical position between the MG and CG groups, yielding relatively smaller deviations in the MG group.
Conclusion: The use of an intraoperative measuring guide could improve the accuracy of implant placement in sCAIS.