1980-1985: Dental education at the "Julius-Maximilians Universität" in Würzburg. 1986-1987: General dentist in the German Federal Armed Forces. 1987-1989: General dentist in the practice of Dr. Christian Lex in Nürnberg. Since 1990: private practice in Forchheim/Bavaria, Germany. 2016: Habitilation and Permission for Lecturing in Dentistry.