Aim: The purpose of the present study was to report early surgical template-related and postoperative complications of computer-guided implant placement and to evaluate its accuracy.
Keywords: dental implant, guided surgery, accuracy, implant studio, 3Shape, MGUIDE, 3D printing
Materials and methods: Data were collected retrospectively from records of patients who had undergone computer-guided implant surgery between 2016 and 2018. Incidence of early surgical template-related and postoperative complications was recorded. Accuracy of implant placement was evaluated by comparing the data from postoperative CBCT records with that from the preoperative virtual implant planning by using appropriate image registration software. Depth, coronal, apical, and angular deviations were measured.
Results: A final number of 27 partially edentulous patients who received 52 implants with 31 static surgical templates were included in the study. All implants had been inserted in a fully guided manner using a flapless technique and following a one-stage approach. All implants were reported to have been successfully osseointegrated. Except for one template fracture, no other complication was recorded. The mean depth deviation was 0.57 ± 0.4 mm (95% CI 0.48 to 0.71 mm), the mean coronal deviation was 0.89 ± 0.7 mm (95% CI 0.73 to 1.07 mm), the mean apical deviation was 1.4 ± 1 mm (95% CI 1.16 to 1.71 mm), and the mean angular deviation was 2.74 ± 1.8 degrees (95% CI 2.29 to 3.26 degrees).
Conclusion: The use of static surgical templates for fully guided implant placement demonstrated acceptable clinical performance. However, there are some factors affecting accuracy that should be considered during implant planning and surgery for further improvement of the technique. (Int J Comput Dent 2022;25(3):249–256; doi: 10.3290/j.ijcd.b2599735)