ApplicationPubMed ID (PMID): 34006064Pages 65-76, Language: English, German
Introduction: Mixed reality (MR) represents a new evolution in technological development that combines both virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) to create a blend of the physical and digital worlds. However, the potential role of MR in preoperative diagnostics in oral and maxillofacial surgery has not been scientifically investigated and remains generally unclear. This article presents a workflow that integrated MR in its scheme. It also evaluates the potential benefit of MR compared with its predecessors, VR and AR.Material and methods: MR technology was used to plan the surgical treatment of a clinical case with an extensive tumor of the left maxilla. A workflow proposal incorporating both the surgeon and radiation oncologist is presented based on this experience. A total of 10 examiners rated the usability and applicability of MR for daily routines.
Results: MR showed good results during preoperative planning for a surgically extensive case in terms of displaying 3D structures and enhancing the physical and virtual interactions among the examiners. Previously described drawbacks of other VR/AR applications such as nausea and motion sickness were not observed with MR. However, MR seems to lack intraoperative usability, which is a drawback.
Conclusion: MR shows great potential in improving the preoperative assessment of 3D DICOM datasets and thus facilitating diagnostic measures. However, further improvements should be made to implement an MR workflow and incorporate it into the clinical treatment planning tree.
Keywords: mixed reality, virtual reality, augmented reality, preoperative planning