Xenogeneic-derived biomaterials are among the most routinely employed bone substitutes for immediate grafting of extraction sites as a modality of alveolar ridge preservation (ARP). The deproteinized bovine bone material is widely used and documented around the world. The present pilot clinical trial evaluated and compared the clinical and morphologic alterations of extraction sites after ARP using two commercially available yet differently processed bovine bone grafts. A total of 20 adjacent extraction sites in 10 patients were included. All sites received the exact same ARP therapy except for the type of bovine bone graft, which was randomly assigned between two adjacent extraction sockets in 10 patients (Group A received Bio-Oss particles and Group B received Cerabone particles). At all sites, healing was monitored at the time of surgery and at 1, 2, 3, and 4 months postoperative. All of the augmented extraction sites achieved successful implant therapy regardless of the bone graft material used for ARP. Six weeks after implant placement, second-stage/uncovering procedures were performed without complications. Intergroup comparisons of the crestal gingival healing process (CGHP), mean transversal crestal ridge resorption (MTRR), and mean implant primary stability (MIPS) were in favor of Group A sites (treatment with Bio-Oss particles).