Aims: To examine the effect of manual therapy applied to the cervical joint for reducing pain and improving mouth opening and jaw function in people with TMDs.
Schlagwörter: manipulation, mobilization, massage, pain, rehabilitation, temporomandibular joint
Methods: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials was performed. Participants were adults diagnosed with TMDs. The experimental intervention was manual therapy applied to the cervical joint compared to no intervention/placebo. Outcome data relating to orofacial pain intensity, pressure pain threshold (PPT), maximum mouth opening, and jaw function were extracted and combined in meta-analyses.
Results: The review included five trials involving 213 participants, of which 90% were women. Manual therapy applied to the cervical joint decreased orofacial pain (mean difference: -1.8 cm; 95% CI: -2.8 to -0.9) and improved PPT (mean difference: 0.64 kg/cm2; 95% CI: 0.02 to 1.26) and jaw function (standardized mean difference: 0.65; 95% CI: 0.3 to 1.0).
Conclusion: Manual therapy applied to the cervical joint had short-term benefits for reducing pain intensity and improving jaw function in women with TMDs. Further studies are needed to improve the quality of the evidence and to investigate the maintenance of benefits beyond the intervention period.