Purpose: To explore a weighted composite of endodontic inflammatory disease (EID) as a risk factor for suffering a first myocardial infarction (MI).
Schlagwörter: cardiovascular disease(s), endodontics, inflammation, periodontal disease(s), risk factors(s), systemic health/disease
Materials and Methods: Seven tooth-specific conditions related to EID were assessed radiographically in 797 patients suffering a first MI and 796 controls. A weighted composite of EID was calculated as the sum of all teeth, excluding third molars. Using maximum likelihood estimation, each condition was assigned a specific weight. With multivariable conditional regression, EID variables, periodontal disease, and missing teeth were assessed as predictors of a first MI.
Results: Periodontal disease (OR 1.38; 95% CI 1.13–1.69, p = 0.0016) and missing teeth (OR 1.03; 95% CI 1.002–1.05, p = 0.034) were related to the risk of a first MI, while none of the EID-related conditions individually were. However, when assessed as an aggregate, a weighted composite of EID (OR 1.97; 95% CI 1.23–3.17, p = 0.0050) and periodontal disease (OR 1.34; 95% CI 1.09–1.63, p = 0.0046) was associated with the risk of MI. Missing teeth did not remain a statistically significant predictor of MI in the final model.
Conclusions: A weighted composite of EID was associated with the risk of MI and strengthens the evidence for a direct connection between oral inflammatory diseases and cardiovascular disorders.