The treatment management of patients with hemifacial microsomia (HM) includes both surgical and nonsurgical approaches and depends primarily on the degree of deformity of the facial and skeletal structures. In this context, the combined efforts of the maxillofacial surgeon, the orthodontist, and the prosthodontist are essential for a satisfactory functional and esthetic outcome.
Schlagwörter: functional rehabilitation, hemifacial microsomia, interdisciplinary treatment, orthodontics, prosthodontics
Case presentation: A 31-year-old man presented with a chief complaint of facial asymmetry. The patient had been diagnosed with HM on the right side, with severe external ear deformity, and hypoplasia of the facial muscles and the zygomatic bone. The intraoral examination showed a Class I molar and canine relationship with a reduced horizontal overlap and an occlusal plane canting. The maxillary anterior teeth were severely worn due to traumatic occlusion. Orthodontic treatment in conjunction with combined orthognathic surgery was planned to address the facial asymmetry. Ramus distraction osteogenesis was carried out, followed by conventional presurgical orthodontic treatment. The treatment was completed by prosthetic rehabilitation for the reconstruction of the maxillary teeth and fine occlusal adjustment.
Conclusion: The cooperation between the orthodontist, surgeon, and prosthodontist becomes indispensable when treating complex cases of HM. An interdisciplinary approach should be adopted from the start of treatment, promoting integrated customized care.