Objectives: To assess the association between the baseline radiographic defect angle and the long-term clinical outcomes following periodontal regenerative therapy with enamel matrix derivative (EMD).
Schlagwörter: enamel matrix derivative, intrabony defects, long-term results, periodontal regeneration, radiographic evaluation
Method and materials: Baseline periapical radiographs obtained from a cohort of patients treated with periodontal regenerative therapy were digitized and the radiographic angle width between the root surface and the bony wall of the adjacent intraosseous defect was calculated and reported (in degrees). Changes in pocket probing depth (PD) and clinical attachment level (CAL) were assessed and reported (in mm). Clinical outcomes were evaluated at baseline (T0), 6 months following therapy (T1), and at the latest follow-up (T2).
Results: Thirty-eight defects in 26 patients enrolled in supportive periodontal care for a mean period of 10.4 years (range 8.0 to 15.5 years) were available for analysis. The mean PD change between T0 and T2 was 2.33 ± 1.66 mm at teeth with a defect angle width < 20 degrees and 0.86 ± 1.66 mm at teeth with a defect angle width > 30 degrees (P = .021). When the baseline radiographic angle width was < 20 degrees the probability of obtaining a CAL gain > 3 mm was 1.5-times higher (95% CI 0.19 to 13.8) at T1 and 2.5-times higher (95% CI 0.40 to 15.6) at T2 compared with defects with a radiographic angle width > 30 degrees.
Conclusion: Within their limitations, these results indicate that pretherapeutic measurement of the radiographic defect angle width might provide relevant information on the short-/long-term clinical outcomes following regenerative periodontal therapy with EMD.