DOI: 10.3290/j.cjdr.b3628105, PubMed ID (PMID): 36479889Pages 251-259, Language: English
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has become one of the fastest growing diseases in the world, causing a great burden to ASD children’s families and society. Children with ASD face more disadvantages relating to their oral health than those without ASD. There is a positive correlation between prevalence of caries lesions and severity of ASD. Poorer oral hygiene, higher detection rates of dental calculus and far more frequent cases of gingivitis occur in children with ASD. Traumatic injuries and various types of malocclusions are more frequent in children with ASD. Poorer oral health care and treatment status are caused by multiple adverse factors. Ways of promoting effective oral health care and treatment include pretreatment counselling; improvement of the individualised treatment environment; routine behaviour guidance techniques (BGTs) including tell-show-do, distraction, role model presentation, voice control, visual education and social stories, encouragement and reinforcement; targeted BGTs including visual education, behaviour modelling, applied behaviour analysis (ABA) and systematic desensitisation; passive BGTs including protective restraint, pharmaceutically administrated sedation and general anaesthesia; oral health education for guardians; and interdisciplinary collaboration and professional dental care/treatment. Dentists, families with children with ASD and schools should cooperate to improve family-centred oral health care and treatment for ASD children not only in China, but also the whole world.
Keywords: autism spectrum disorder, behaviour management, children, oral health care, promotion
DOI: 10.3290/j.cjdr.b3628117, PubMed ID (PMID): 36479890Pages 261-267, Language: English
Objective: To analyse the role played by Sappanone A, a bioactive ingredient isolated from the heartwood of Caesalpinia sappan, in the regulation of oral epithelial cell viability under radiation. Methods: Cell viability of human oral keratinocytes (HOKs) and mouse salivary gland cells under ionising radiation was analysed. Expression of Ki67 was measured by immunohistochemical staining. Fragmentation of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) was measured by comet assay. Cell death was analysed using trypan blue exclusion assay. Cell viability was measured using a Cell Counting Kit 8 (CCK8; Abcam, Cambridge, UK) assay.
Results: Sappanone A decreased cell viability of HOK cells and mouse salivary gland cells under ionising radiation. In addition, Sappanone A enhanced radiation-induced genomic DNA fragmentation, accompanied by impaired homologous recombination and non-homologous end joining DNA repair. Mechanistic evaluation revealed that Sappanone A counteracted radiation-induced inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase 2 (IMPDH2) activation, and that this effect could be abolished by reconstituted expression of a Sappanone A-binding defective IMPDH2 mutant.
Conclusion: The present study highlights a novel role played by Sappanone A in the modulation of radiosensitivity of oral epithelial cells.
DOI: 10.3290/j.cjdr.b3628123, PubMed ID (PMID): 36479891Pages 268, Language: English
DOI: 10.3290/j.cjdr.b3628171, PubMed ID (PMID): 36479892Pages 269-275, Language: English
Objective: To screen miRNAs that could simultaneously regulate osteo/odontogenic differentiation of multiple stem cells, including dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs), stem cells from the apical papilla (SCAPs) and periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs). Methods: Differentially expressed miRNAs analysis on three miRNA microarrays data of dental stem cells undergoing osteo/odontogenic differentiation (GSE138180, GSE154466 and GSE159508) was performed, and miR-146a-5p were identified by bioinformatic prediction, dual-luciferase reporter assay and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). In addition, differentially expressed genes between miR-146a-5p overexpressed group and control group (GSE79341) were applied for KEGG pathways enrichment analysis.
Results: MiR-146a-5p expression increased in the osteo/odontogenic differentiation of DPSCs, SCAPs and PDLSCs. Tumour necrosis factor receptor (TNFR)-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) was identified as the target gene of miR-146a-5p. Furthermore, miR-146a-5p could influence the NF-Kappa B signalling pathway.
Conclusion: This study suggests that miR-146a-5p could promote differentiation in multiple dental stem cells through the NF-Kappa B signalling pathway by targeting TRAF6.
Keywords: dental stem cells, miR-146a-5p, NF-Kappa B signalling pathway, osteo/odontogenic differentiation, TRAF6
DOI: 10.3290/j.cjdr.b3628177, PubMed ID (PMID): 36479893Pages 277-284, Language: English
Objective: To analyse the correlation between self-perceived oral health (SPOH) and selfperceived general health (SPGH) and the influencing factors. Methods: In this study, we collected sociodemographic information and details about SPOH and SPGH status for Chinese adults (≥ 18 years), and a total of 2233 people were included. The data were analysed using SPSS software (IBM, Armonk, NY, USA) with a chi-square test and binary logistic regression.
Results: In total, 43.4% of adults' self-perceived oral health was at a "good" level and 57.9% of adults' self-perceived general health was at a "good" level. The SPOH was correlated with SPGH (r = 0.593, P < 0.001). Good SPOH was associated with younger age, no dentures, no smoking, brushing teeth twice or more a day, periodontal health, no malocclusion and decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) ≤ 12. Good SPGH was associated with younger age, higher educational level, no dentures, no smoking, brushing teeth twice or more a day, periodontal health, no malocclusion and DMFT ≤ 12.
Conclusion: SPOH and SPGH are correlated with each other, and greater attention should be paid to oral health to promote general health.
Keywords: adults, China, correlation, general health, oral health
DOI: 10.3290/j.cjdr.b3628195, PubMed ID (PMID): 36479894Pages 285-291, Language: English
Objective: To investigate the expressions and clinicopathological features of glucose transporter 1 (GLUT-1), pyruvate kinase M2 (PK-M2) and hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) in odontogenic keratocysts (OKCs), and to investigate the mutation status of v-raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B1 (BRAF).
Methods: Following a retrospective review of the clinicopathological data of 28 OKC cases, the expressions of GLUT-1, PK-M2 and HIF-1α in these tissue samples were detected through immunohistochemistry. The BRAF mutation statuses of all cases were examined using polymerase chain reaction amplification and direct sequencing.
Results: The expression levels of HIF-1α varied in 96.4% of OKC tissues, and there were higher positive rates of PKM2 (100%) and GLUT-1 (100%) in these tissues. None of the 28 OKC samples carried the BRAF mutation. Conclusion: The positive expressions of GLUT-1, PK-M2 and HIF-1α indicate that patients with OKCs undergo anaerobic glycolysis to a certain extent, but these processes appear to be irrelevant to clinicopathological features and to the BRAF mutation.
Keywords: BRAF gene, GLUT-1, HIF-1α, odontogenic keratocyst, PK-M2
DOI: 10.3290/j.cjdr.b3628215, PubMed ID (PMID): 36479895Pages 293-299, Language: English
This clinical report describes the immediate implant placement and restoration for a 47-yearold woman with a protruded and loose maxillary right central incisor. The treatment included minimally invasive extraction, flapless immediate implant placement using a fully guided surgical template, and immediate implant-supported provisionalisation. The interim anatomical prosthesis was fabricated in advance based on preoperative CBCT scans, and the digital technique made it possible to integrate data precisely from different sources. After 6 months of provisionalisation, satisfactory gingival aesthetic and functional improvements were achieved, followed by a definitive screw-retained zirconia restoration. Thus, application of a complete digital workflow could reduce chairside time and create an optimal emergence profile that matches the residual bone architecture of the extraction sites with minimal interference.
DOI: 10.3290/j.cjdr.b3628219, PubMed ID (PMID): 36479896Pages 301-310, Language: English
In this case study, we report the successful treatment of a 35-year-old woman with a hyperdivergent skeletal pattern, open bite and severe transverse deficiency, exhibiting a skeletal Class III malocclusion. The treatment plan included 3D correction of these issues with surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME) to solve the transverse deficiency, presurgical orthodontic treatment including aligning and levelling of the teeth in both arches, LeFort I osteotomy and bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy, and postsurgical correction of malocclusion. Orthodontic treatment was performed with labial brackets, and the patient achieved satisfactory occlusion and a significantly improved facial profile. Retention at the 1-year follow-up showed stable occlusion and arch forms with a harmonious facial profile.
Keywords: hyperdivergent skeletal pattern, open bite, orthodontic-surgical treatment, surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion, transverse deficiency