Purpose: The role of developmental endothelial locus-1 (DEL-1) in Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis)-induced periodontitis and the related molecular mechanisms are unclear. This study aimed to investigate the effect of DEL-1 on SH3 Domain Binding Protein 2 (SH3BP2) expression, and to explore the regulatory role of DEL-1 in periodontal inflammation.
Keywords: developmental endothelial locus-1, periodontitis, Porphyromonas gingivalis, nicotinamide phosphoribosyl- transferase, SH3 domain binding protein 2
Materials and Methods: We constructed a P. gingivalis-induced rat experimental periodontitis model, and cultured P. gingivalis-stimulated THP-1 cells in vitro. THP-1 cell viability and cell cycle were examined by CCK-8 and flow cytometry. Rat gingival tissues were collected for hematoxylin-eosin staining. The expression of SH3BP2 and nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) was examined using Western blot.
Results: We found that the proliferation of P. gingivalis-infected THP-1 cells was increased by DEL-1. DEL-1 inhibited the expression of NAMPT and SH3BP2 in gingiva tissues of rats with periodontitis as well as in P. gingivalis-infected THP-1 cells.
Conclusions: Overexpression of DEL-1 downregulated SH3BP2 expression and reduced gingival inflammation induced by P. gingivalis. DEL-1 presents some regulatory effects on gingival inflammation in a P. gingivalis-induced rat experimental periodontitis model, suggesting the therapeutic potential of DEL-1 in regulating periodontal inflammation.