Aim: To describe a digital workflow utilizing 3D printing technology to guide esthetic crown lengthening and control tooth preparation.
Clinical considerations: After the initial intraoral and face scans, an esthetic treatment plan was performed digitally based on the patient’s personality and face type using artificial intelligence-based 3D smile design software. A 3D-printed tray relined with silicone over a 3D-printed model was used for the mock-up. A 3D-printed guide was implemented to assist esthetic crown lengthening by incorporating, simultaneously, information about the desired free gingival line and the alveolar bone level. Based on the initial planning, a set of reduction guides was 3D printed to check and correct the tooth preparation. Prior to the start of construction of the final monolithic restorations, their design was verified using 3D-printed prototypes. A stabilization splint was digitally designed and 3D printed to protect and maintain the final result.
Conclusions: Technologic advances can improve the predictability of an interdisciplinary esthetic approach. Digital planning can be transferred to clinical reality using a digital workflow, utilizing a set of appropriate 3D-printed guides, which can help to control clinical procedures based on the initial planning.
Clinical significance: By following the proposed step-by-step workflow, clinicians can achieve predictable results through an interdisciplinary approach, guiding both the periodontal plastic surgery and the restorative treatment after an individualized CAD/CAD procedure for 3D-printed guides.