At present, various antibacterial therapeutic modalities are available in the clinic. However, due to the rampant abuse of antibiotics over the past few decades and the consequent emergence of innumerable drug-resistant strains of bacteria, it is imperative to develop new and effective antibacterial therapeutic strategies. In recent years, the physical stimuli–based approach to antibacterial therapy has aroused much interest as an alternative to antibiotics and has become a major focus of antibacterial research. In this review, the application of different physical stimuli, including electricity, magnetism, light, ultrasound and thermal stimulation, in antibacterial research is critically examined in order to provide new ideas and directions for the further development of antibacterial therapy in clinical dentistry.
Keywords: acoustics, electricity, magnetism, photodynamics, physical stimulation, research progress, thermal