Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP) is an extremely rare autosomal dominant disorder characterized by congenital skeletal malformation and progressive heterotopic ossification. In the oral and maxillofacial region, deformity of the temporomandibular joint is a common feature of FOP, as well as restricted mouth opening derived from heterotopic ossification in the masticatory muscles. Since surgical procedures are generally not recommended because of the risk of flare-ups and increased heterotopic ossification, reports of tooth extractions and their outcomes in patients with FOP are limited. The present article reports the long-term oral outcomes of three Japanese patients with FOP, in whom the teeth were deliberately extracted to avoid the risk of oral inflammation causing further heterotopic ossification. The extractions were conducted under local or general anesthesia, and healing of sockets was nonproblematic with the formation of new bone. Undesirable events, including progression of heterotopic ossification in the oral and maxillofacial region and further restriction of mouth opening, were not apparent. The extractions also alleviated the existing inflammation, contributing to maintaining their oral hygiene. These cases suggest that deliberate planning and judicious surgery could induce favorable healing after tooth extractions in patients with FOP, leading to long-term stability of their oral health status.
Schlagwörter: fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP), long-term dental outcomes