Objectives: Many treatment options accepted for unsalvageable traumatized teeth in adults would seem contraindicated in children and adolescents. Instead, growing patients need interim restorative measures, thus extensively preserving their local bone and soft tissue structures and, ideally, preparing the involved site for later definitive restoration while they transform to skeletal maturity. This narrative topic review addresses the interim management in case of very deep intra-extra-alveolar fractures, extensive infection-related root resorption, tooth ankylosis, and anterior tooth loss in growing patients, and seeks to empower the clinician to select the appropriate treatment approach.
Schlagwörter: ankylosis, autotransplantation, decoronation, dental trauma, extrusion, fracture, resin-bonded ﬁxed dental prosthesis, resorption
Data sources: The literature up to 2021 was reviewed based on several scoping searches on PubMed and the Cochrane Library using relevant terms. Due to the complexity of the topic (with various poor prognosis scenarios and the differing therapeutic options), a systematic review was deemed inappropriate.
Conclusion: Suitable interim treatment options include extrusion of teeth showing deep intra-extra-alveolar fractures, and decoronation of ankylosed teeth as well as resin-bonded ﬁxed dental prostheses, natural tooth pontics, and primary tooth autotransplantations after tooth loss. The interim management options described in this article represent compromises chosen in the absence of better alternatives after a careful risk-benefit analysis. However, if adequately performed, the presented treatment options have the potential to achieve the temporary restoration of function and esthetics in growing patients. Close clinical and (if appropriate) radiologic monitoring of these patients is considered mandatory to ensure early detection of possible complications that might jeopardize or could render impossible subsequent therapeutic measures. (Quintessence Int 2022;53:722–731; doi: 10.3290/j.qi.b3236409; Modified from a previously published article (in German) Quintessenz 2022;73(2):162–169)