The present study aimed to evaluate the osseoconduction ability of an airborne particle-abraded and etched (SAE) titanium alloy surface when placed in humans with poor bone quality. Four patients scheduled to receive an implant-supported full-arch prosthesis received two additional reduced-diameter implants to be harvested after 6 months of submerged healing. Undecalcified vestibulopalatal/vestibulolingual histologic sections were prepared after the micro-computerized tomography (μCT) examination. Six implant sides from four biopsied implants displayed a type IV bone environment and were included in the present study. Bone-to-implant contact (BIC) was first measured on each implant side. The estimated initial BIC (E-iBIC) was evaluated by superimposing the implant profile 0.25 mm away from its actual position. The μCT provided information about the local and adjacent bony architecture. The mean BIC was 62.5% ± 10.6%, while the mean E-iBIC was 33.1% ± 4.4%. The E-iBIC/BIC ratio was 1.81 ± 0.38. The 3D μCT sections showed the thin bone trabeculae covering the implant surface; although they seemed to be separated from the rest of the bony scaffold, they were much more interconnected than what appeared to be on the 2D histologic preparations. This limited number of human histologic samples document, for the first time, that the SAE titanium alloy implant surface is apparently osseoconductive when placed in poor human bone quality. The average BIC was 1.81 times higher than the E-iBIC. This high osseoconductivity may explain the predictable clinical behavior of implants with this type of SAE textured surface in type IV bone.