Few studies have reported the outcomes of short implants with a follow-up time > 10 years. This retrospective study aimed to evaluate the long-term outcomes of short locking-taper implants supporting single crowns in the posterior region. Patients who received these supporting implants (≤ 8 mm) in the posterior region from 2008 to 2010 were included. The clinical and radiographic outcomes and patient satisfaction were recorded. A total of 18 patients with 34 implants were included. The cumulative survival rate was 91.4% and 83.3% at implant and patient levels, respectively. Tooth brushing habit and history of periodontitis were significantly associated with implant failure (P < .05). The median marginal bone loss (MBL) was 0.24 mm (IQR: 0.01 to 0.98 mm). Biologic and technical complications occurred in 14.7% and 17.8% of implants, respectively. The mean modified Sulcus Bleeding Index was 0.52 ± 0.63, and the mean peri-implant probing depth was 2.38 ± 0.79 mm. All patients were at least quite satisfied, with the majority of patients (88.9%) being fully satisfied with the treatment. Within the limitations of this study, the short locking-taper implants supporting single crowns in the posterior region achieved promising outcomes in the long-term follow-up.