Purpose: To determine the polymerization kinetics and color stability of a self-adhesive and conventional resin composite after accelerated shelf-life simulation.
Keywords: color stability, resin composite, polymerization, self-adhesive composite, shelf-life
Materials and Methods: Two composites were tested – universal Filtek Z250 (3M Oral Care) and self-adhesive Constic (DMG). They were stored for 2 months in an incubator to simulate an Arrhenius aging model (60ºC) and tested at 5 different time points. Polymerization kinetics (n = 3) were studied using an attenuated total reflectance technique (ATR), through continuous FTIR spectral acquisition (20 min). Spectra were obtained before, during and after 20 s of light curing. With the spectral data, qualitative analysis was performed yielding chemical stability, and quantitative data including extrapolated degree of conversion (DCmax) and polymerization rate (Rpmax) were assessed. To evaluate color stability (n = 3), a spectrophotometer was used to record CIELAB color parameters. Inferential statistics, including repeated measures two-way ANOVA were carried out at a significance level of 5%.
Results: The composites did not appear to undergo significant chemical changes after 2 months of accelerated aging. There was a significant impact of aging on the mean DCmax (p < 0.001). Similarly, a reduction in Rpmax, measured for both composites, was also noted (ANOVA; Z = 203.7; p < 0.001). The two-way ANOVA confirmed that the composite had no influence on the color stability (F = 0.94; p = 0.34), while aging did (p = 0.013).
Conclusion: Minimal changes in absorbance levels were noted for both composites, without overly affecting their chemical composition. The presence of an acidic monomer did not seem to potentiate the degradation of the self-adhesive composite. This composite even showed greater color stability after aging.