Objective: To evaluate the accuracy of digital models obtained from intraoral scanning of edentulous maxilla and mandible models with and without resin markers.
Keywords: accuracy, edentulous, efficiency, intraoral scan, resin markers
Methods: A pair of standard edentulous models were scanned using a laboratory scanner and saved as reference models. The edentulous models were fixed onto a phantom head and scanned with an intraoral scanner (IOS) five times each. Six resin markers were attached on the maxilla model and two on the mandible model, and another five intraoral scans were taken of each model. The scanning time and number of images were recorded. The digital models obtained using the IOS were superimposed on the reference models using image processing software. The trueness and precision of the models made using the IOS were evaluated, and the scanning time and number of images were also compared.
Results: The average trueness and precision of the IOS in the maxilla model with resin markers were 135.50 ± 36.28 μm and 254.55 ± 40.62 μm, respectively, while those in the mandible were 161.40 ± 55.45 μm and 368.75 ± 91.03 μm, respectively. Placing resin markers on the edentulous maxilla and mandible did not improve the trueness of the IOS, but placing resin markers on the edentulous maxilla improved the precision and scanning efficiency. However, placing resin markers on the buccal shelf of the edentulous mandible decreased the precision and increased the scanning time.
Conclusion: Resin markers placed on the hard palate of edentulous maxillae could improve the precision of the IOS and improve scanning efficiency. However, they did not affect the trueness of the IOS for edentulous maxillae or mandibles.