Objective: To investigate the influence of CYP1A1 rs1048943 on short- and long-term outcomes of nonsurgical periodontal therapy (NSPT) for generalised aggressive periodon- titis (GAgP).
Keywords: generalised aggressive periodontitis, rs1048943, tooth loss, treatment outcome
Methods: The CYP1A1 rs1048943 polymorphisms of 224 GAgP patients were genotyped by time-of-flight mass spectrometry. A total of 125 patients received NSPT and subsequent followup for 3 months. Of the 125 patients, 81 were followed for at least 3 years. Clinical periodontal parameters were collected at baseline and at the follow-up visits. Negative binomial regression was used to analyse the association between the number of teeth lost during the 3-year observation period and CYP1A1 rs1048943 genotypes.
Results: The mean probing depth (PD) and percentage of sites with Bleeding Index (BI) ≥ 3 were all significantly greater in CYP1A1 rs1048943 G allele carriers than non-carriers at 3 months and 3 years after treatment (P < 0.05). In the PD ≥ 7 mm subgroup, the mean PD was significantly higher in G allele carriers than non-carriers at the 3-year follow-up (P < 0.05). The other clinical parameters did not show a similar trend (P > 0.05). Furthermore, the changes of percentage of sites with BI ≥ 3 were significantly smaller in G allele carriers than non-carriers at 3 months and 3 years after treatment (P < 0.05). GAgP patients with the GG genotype had lost more over the 3-year follow-up period compared with patients with the AA genotype (P < 0.05).
Conclusion: These data indicated that the CYP1A1 rs1048943 AG/GG genotypes may influence the short- and long-term outcomes of NSPT in GAgP patients.