International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry, 5/2020
DOI: 10.11607/prd.4408, PubMed ID (PMID): 32926001Pages 711-e721, Language: English
Clinical records of patients who underwent implant-supported rehabilitation according to the biologically oriented preparation technique (BOPT) principles were retrospectively analyzed. Records of 189 nonconsecutive patients who received 502 implants were reviewed. At the last follow-up visit (occurring on average 5.11 years after prosthesis delivery), 466 (92.8%) implants had a Gingival Index of 0, and 491 (97.8%) presented no bleeding on probing. Four hundred eighty-nine crowns on as many implants (97.4%) showed no sign of gingival recession. Technical complications occurred with 10 implants (2.0%) and 6 patients (3.2%). Biologic complications were detected with 14 implants (2.8%) and 6 patients (3.2%). When the BOPT approach is applied to rehabilitate patients using implant-supported prostheses, excellent medium-term results concerning soft tissue health may be achieved.
Pages 361-372, Language: German
Die Behandlungsunterlagen von Patienten, die eine implantatgetragene Rehabilitation nach den Prinzipien der biologisch orientierten Präparationstechnik (Biologically Oriented Preparation Technique, BOPT) erhalten hatten, wurden retrospektiv analysiert. Ausgewertet wurden die Akten von 189 nichtkonsekutiven Patienten mit insgesamt 502 Implantaten. Bei der letzten Kontrolluntersuchung (im Durchschnitt 5,1 Jahre nach Eingliederung des Zahnersatzes) fand sich an 466 Implantaten (92,8 %) ein Gingivaindex von 0 und 491 Implantate (97,8 %) zeigten kein Sondierungsbluten. 498 Kronen auf ebenso vielen Implantaten wiesen keine Gingivarezession auf. Technische Komplikationen traten bei 10 Implantaten (2,0 %) bzw. 6 Patienten (3,2 %) auf. Bei 14 Implantaten (2,8 %) bzw. 6 Patienten (3,2 %) kam es zu biologischen Komplikationen. Wenn bei der Rehabilitation mit implantatgetragenem Zahnersatz die BOPT angewendet wird, können mittelfristig hervorragende Resultate bezüglich der Weichgewebegesundheit erreicht werden.
Die vorliegende Arbeit basiert auf der englischen Originalpublikation „Implant Rehabilitation According to the Biologically Oriented Preparation Technique (BOPT): A Medium-Term Retrospective Study” (Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 2020;40:711–719.).
Keywords: implantatgetragen, Rehabilitation, biologisch orientierte Präparationstechnik, Plattformswitch, Federrand, Tangentialpräparation, Gingivarezession, Komplikation
International Journal of Oral Implantology, 3/2020
PubMed ID (PMID): 32879928Pages 235-239, Language: English
Purpose: Piezoelectric bone surgery was introduced into clinical practice almost 20 years ago as an alternative method for cutting bone in dental surgical procedures, in an attempt to reduce the disadvantages of using conventional rotary instruments. The aim of this Consensus Conference was to evaluate the current evidence concerning the use of piezoelectric surgery in oral surgery and implantology.
Materials and methods: Three working groups conducted three meta-analyses with trial sequential analysis, focusing on the use of piezoelectric surgery in impacted mandibular third molar extraction, lateral sinus floor elevation and implant site preparation. The method of preparation of the systematic reviews, based on comprehensive search strategies and following preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, was discussed and standardised.
Results: Moderate/low evidence suggests that piezoelectric surgery is significantly associated with a more favourable postoperative course (less pain, less trismus) after impacted mandibular third molar extraction than conventional rotary instruments. Moderate evidence suggests that implants inserted with piezoelectric surgery showed improved secondary stability during the early phases of healing compared with those inserted using a drilling technique. Strong/moderate evidence suggests that piezoelectric surgery prolongs the duration of surgery in impacted mandibular third molar extraction, sinus floor elevation and implant site preparation, but it is unclear whether the slight differences in duration of surgery, even if statistically significant, represent a real clinical advantage for either operator or patient. Weak evidence or insufficient data are present to draw definitive conclusions on the other investigated outcomes.
Conclusions: Further well-designed trials are needed to fully evaluate the effects of piezoelectric surgery, especially in implant site preparation and sinus floor elevation.
Keywords: impacted mandibular third molar extraction, implant site preparation, piezoelectric surgery, sinus augmentation, systematic review
International Journal of Oral Implantology, 2/2020
PubMed ID (PMID): 32424379Pages 109-121, Language: English
Aims: To evaluate whether piezoelectric bone surgery (PBS) for lateral maxillary sinus floor elevation reduces risk of intraoperative complications, requires prolonged surgical time and improves the survival rate of dental implants in comparison with conventional rotary instruments.
Materials and methods: This meta-analysis followed PRISMA guidelines and was registered in the PROSPERO database (CRD42019122972). The PubMed, Embase, Scopus and Open Grey databases were screened for articles published from 1 January 1990 to 31 December 2018. The selection criteria included randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and case-control studies (CCTs) comparing PBS with rotary instruments in lateral sinus augmentation and reporting intraoperative and postoperative outcomes (e.g. sinus membrane perforations, surgical time and implant failure rate). The risk of bias assessment was performed using the Cochrane Collaboration's tool for RCTs. A meta-analysis was performed, and the power of the meta-analytic findings was assessed via trial sequential analysis (TSA).
Results: Four RCTs met the inclusion criteria and were included in the review. The meta-analysis showed that, although a lower incidence of membrane tearing occurred when using PBS, the difference between the two groups was not significant. However, the power of evidence for this outcome, as determined by the TSA, was weak. Moreover, there was moderate evidence suggesting that PBS prolongs the surgery duration (mean difference of 3.43 minutes), whilst insufficient data was present to assess if PBS improves the survival rate of implants inserted in augmented sinuses.
Conclusions: The power of the evidence was too weak to confirm the above-mentioned findings and further well-designed randomised clinical trials are needed to draw definitive conclusions.
Keywords: intraoperative complications, membrane perforation, piezosurgery, sinus floor elevation
Conflict-of-interest statement: The authors report no conflicts of interest related to this study. This study received no external funding.
International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry, 2/2018
Online OnlyDOI: 10.11607/prd.3338, PubMed ID (PMID): 29447308Pages 25-28, Language: English
This article describes a simplified technique for relining provisional prostheses on natural abutments that can be applied to this specific type of tooth preparation with feather-edge finish line. Starting from a diagnostic waxup, a provisional fixed restoration is constructed, containing all the correct structural information. This includes the controlled depth of the prosthetic margin into the gingival sulcus, the emergence profile, and the area from the emergence profile to the gingival third. Chair time is saved during the clinical procedures because the finishing and polishing steps are shortened, and the resulting provisional restoration is precise and highly biocompatible. This technique allows for a simple and quick relining and finishing procedure and for the delivery of an esthetic and biocompatible provisional restoration.
The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants, 4/2017
DOI: 10.11607/jomi.5578, PubMed ID (PMID): 28708922Pages 904-911, Language: English
Purpose: To analyze the long-term outcome of fixed prostheses supported by six implants, two of which were tilted, placed in the maxilla and immediately loaded more than 10 years earlier.
Materials and Methods: A retrospective review of implants placed between May 29, 2003 and February 12, 2005 and used to support immediately loaded fixed dental prostheses in the maxilla was conducted. The features of failed implants were analyzed. In the most recent follow-up visits, survival of individual implants and prostheses was verified, and modified Plaque Index as well as modified Sulcular Bleeding Index were assessed. Patients also filled out a questionnaire requiring graded responses from 0 (poor) to 10 (excellent) that was designed to assess their quality of life.
Results: A total of 162 implants were placed between May 29, 2003 and February 12, 2005 to support immediately loaded maxillary fixed prostheses of 27 totally edentulous patients (19 female, 8 male). Three patients (1 male, 2 female) dropped out, so 144 implants were followed up. Seven of the 144 original implants failed, corresponding to a survival rate of 95.1% over 10 years. All the failures occurred within 2 years after surgery. Patients' responses to the questionnaire produced an average score of 8.4 to 8.8, showing a relevant degree of satisfaction.
Conclusion: Based upon this study of 27 patients who received immediately loaded maxillary full-arch fixed implant-supported prostheses supported by two tilted and four axial implants, it appears that this is a reliable procedure with a high long-term survival rate and a high level of patient satisfaction.
Keywords: immediate loading, maxilla, tilted implants, 10-year follow-up
International Journal of Oral Implantology, 3/2016
PubMed ID (PMID): 27722221Pages 219-230, Language: English
Purpose: To compare peri-implant bone and soft-tissue levels of immediate non-occlusally loaded versus non-submerged early loaded implants in partially edentulous patients 10 years after loading. Materials and methods: Fifty-two patients were randomised in five Italian private practices: 25 in the immediately loaded group and 27 in the early loaded group. To be immediately loaded, single implants had to be inserted with a torque of at least 30 Ncm, and splinted implants with a torque of at least 20 Ncm. Immediately loaded implants were provided with non-occluding temporary restorations within 48 h. After 2 months, the provisional restorations were put in full occlusion. Implants were early loaded after 2 months. Definitive restorations were provided 8 months after implant placement. Outcome measures were prosthesis failures, implant failures and complications, recorded by non-blinded assessors, and peri-implant bone and soft-tissue levels evaluated by blinded assessors. Results: Fifty-two implants were loaded immediately and 52 early. Three patients with 8 implants dropped out from the immediate group versus two patients with 3 implants from the early loaded group; all remaining patients were followed for at least 10 years after loading. One single immediately loaded implant failed 2 months after placement. Three patients with immediately loaded implants and two with early loaded implants were affected by complications. There were no statistically significant differences for implant/prosthesis failures (Fisher's exact test: P = 0.294; difference = 4%, 95% CI: -16% to 24%) and complications between groups (Fisher's exact test: P = 0.574; difference = 4.5%, 95% CI: -12% to 21%). Both groups gradually lost peri-implant bone in a highly statistically significant way at 2, 8 and 14 months, and at 4, 5 and 10 years. After 10 years, immediately loaded patients lost an average of 1.34 mm and early loaded patients lost 1.42 mm of peri-implant marginal bone. At 10 years, there was a statistically significant recession (P < 0.001) of the vestibular soft tissues from baseline (delivery of the final restorations 8 months after implant placement) at both immediate (0.38 mm) and early (0.25 mm) loaded implants. There were no statistically significant differences in terms of peri-implant bone (difference = 0.08 mm, 95% CI: -0.49 to 0.65; P = 0.49) and soft-tissue level changes (difference = 0.07 mm, 95% CI: -0.48 to 0.62; P = 0.469) between the two groups at 10 years after loading. Conclusions: In well-maintained patients, complications are uncommon and healthy and stable peri-implant tissues can be maintained for 10 years around both immediate and early loaded implants.
Keywords: dental implants, early loading, follow-up, immediate loading, partial edentulism
Conflict-of-interest statement: This trial was independently designed and initiated by the investigators. BIOMET 3i, the manufacturer of the implants used in this investigation, provided partial economic support at a later stage, and finally ZIMMER-BIOMET partially supported the present publication, however data belonged to the authors and by no means did the sponsor interfere with the conduct of the trial or the publication of its results.
International Journal of Oral Implantology, 3/2013
PubMed ID (PMID): 24179978Pages 239-250, Language: English
Purpose: To evaluate whether grafting with additional anorganic bovine bone to augment horizontally the buccal plate (internal and external grafting [IEG]) at single post-extractive implants preserves the alveolar ridge, improving aesthetics, better than internal socket grafting alone (ISGA).
Material and methods: A total of 78 patients, treated in four Italian private practices, requiring a single immediate post-extractive implant, having at least 1 mm of implant-to-buccal bone gap after implant insertion and a preserved buccal bone, had the residual bone-to-implant gap filled with anorganic bovine bone. Thirty-nine randomly allocated patients received additional buccal horizontal augmentation of about 2 mm thickness with the same bone substitute (IEG group) covered with collagen resorbable membranes. Implants were submerged for 4 months before being loaded with provisional acrylic crowns. Definitive crowns were delivered after 6 months. Outcome measures were crown/implant failures, complications and aesthetics recorded by blinded assessors 6 months after initial loading, at delivery of definitive crowns.
Results: Six months after initial loading, 8 patients dropped out, did not complete the treatment or were treated twice and therefore had to be excluded (4 from each group). There were no statistically significant differences for implant failures and complications between the two groups. Two implants failed in the IEG group versus 1 in the ISGA group. Four complications occurred, 2 in each group. The mean implant aesthetic score (IAS) was 7.8 at ISGA sites and 8.0 at IEG sites. There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups (P = 0.492; difference 0.2 mm; 95% CI -0.769, 0.369) for IAS score. There were no statistically significant differences in the outcomes between the centres.
Conclusions: The use of adjunctive anorganic bovine bone placed buccally at preserved buccal sites of immediate post-extractive implants may not improve the aesthetic outcome, however additional research is needed to confirm or reject these preliminary findings.
Keywords: aesthetics, anorganic bovine bone, bone augmentation, dental implants, post-extractive sites
International Journal of Oral Implantology, 3/2010
PubMed ID (PMID): 20847991Pages 209-219, Language: English
Purpose: To compare peri-implant bone and soft-tissue levels of immediately non-occlusally loaded versus non-submerged early loaded implants in partially edentulous patients 5 years after implant placement.
Materials and methods: Fifty-two patients were randomised in five Italian private practices: 25 in the immediately loaded group and 27 in the early loaded group. To be immediately loaded, single implants had to be inserted with a torque of > 30 Ncm, and splinted implants with a torque of > 20 Ncm. Immediately loaded implants were provided with non-occluding temporary restorations within 48 hours. After 2 months, the provisional restorations were put in full occlusion. Implants were early loaded after 2 months. Final restorations were provided 8 months after implant placement. Outcome measures were prosthesis and implant failures as well as biological and prosthetic complications recorded by non-blinded assessors. Blinded assessors evaluated peri-implant bone and soft-tissue levels.
Results: Fifty-two implants were immediately loaded and 52 early loaded. One patient of the early loaded group dropped out after the 1-year recall. One single immediately loaded implant failed 2 months after placement. Only one complication (iatrogenic peri-implantitis) occurred in one patient of the early loading group. Both groups gradually lost peri-implant bone in a highly statistically significant way at 2, 8 and 14 months and at 4 and 5 years. After 5 years, patients of both groups had lost an average of 1.2 mm of peri-implant marginal bone. There were no statistically significant differences in peri-implant bone and soft-tissue level changes between the 2 groups. At 5 years, there was a statistically significant recession (0.2 mm) of the vestibular soft tissues from baseline (delivery of the final restorations 8 months after implant placement) only for immediately loaded implants.
Conclusions: In well maintained patients, complications are uncommon and healthy and stable periimplant tissues can be maintained for 5 years around immediately and early loaded implants.
Keywords: dental implants, early loading, follow-up, immediate loading, partial edentulism
Conflict-of-interest statement: This trial was independently designed and initiated by the investigators, however BIOMET 3i provided partial economic support at a later stage.
International Journal of Oral Implantology, 2/2010
PubMed ID (PMID): 20623038Pages 135-143, Language: English
Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of prophylactic antibiotics for dental implant placement.
Materials and methods: Thirteen dentists working in private practices agreed to participate in this trial, each centre providing 50 patients. One hour prior to implant placement, patients were randomised to take orally 2 g amoxicillin or identical placebo tablets. Patients needing bone augmentation at implant placement were not included. Outcome measures were prosthesis and implant failures, adverse events and post-operative complications. Patients were seen 1 week, 2 weeks and 4 months post-operatively.
Results: Two centres did not deliver any data, two centres did not manage to include the agreed quota of patients and three patients had to be excluded. Two-hundred and fifty-two patients were evaluated in the antibiotic group and 254 in the placebo group, and none dropped out at 4 months. Four prostheses and seven implants (in five patients) failed in the antibiotics group versus 10 prostheses and 13 implants (in 12 patients) in the placebo group. Eleven complications were reported in the antibiotic group versus 13 (in 12 patients) in the placebo group. No side effects were reported. There were no statistically significant differences for prosthesis failures, implant losses and complications. Patients receiving immediate post-extractive implants had an increased failure risk compared with patients receiving delayed implants (9% versus 2%).
Conclusions: No statistically significant differences were observed, although trends clearly favoured the antibiotic group. Immediate post-extractive implants were more likely to fail.
Keywords: amoxicillin, antibiotic prophylaxis, dental implants, immediate post-extractive implants, multicentre randomised placebo-controlled clinical trial