This study aimed to evaluate facial peri-implant tissue dimensions for implants connected to either convex or concave final abutments. Patients (n = 28) were randomly allocated to receive a single implant with an abutment of either convex (Group CX) or concave (Group CV) emergence shape. Twelve months after implant placement, CBCT scans were taken and reference points were identified: first visible bone-to-implant contact, implant shoulder (IS), bone crest (BC), and marginal mucosal level (MML). Mucosal thickness was evaluated at the level of IS (MT1), above the level of BC (MT2), and at the mid-distance of BC-MML (MT3). The mean total vertical peri-implant mucosa height was 3.26 ± 0.77 mm for Group CX and 3.70 ± 0.99 mm for Group CV (P = .23). The mean vertical peri-implant mucosa height below the bone crest was 0.62 ± 0.57 mm for Group CX and 1.26 ± 0.95 mm for Group CV (P = .04). Group CV had greater mean MT2 (4.09 ± 0.72 mm vs 3.36 ± 0.81 mm; P = .02) and MT3 (2.81 ± 0.66 mm vs 2.03 ± 0.60 mm; P = .005) compared to Group CX. Abutment macrodesign may have an effect on vertical and horizontal peri-implant tissue dimensions.