DOI: 10.11607/prd.2023.5.e, PubMed ID (PMID): 37733467Pages 537-539, Language: English
Consensus on a valid and comprehensive set of outcomes to capture the full benefits and harms of implant dentistry interventions is key for progressing toward better clinical guidelines and policy. In this field, research remains fragmented and uses too many different outcomes. Studies are unable to cover the full breadth necessary to properly evaluate benefits, harms, and costs. Best-practice examples inspired the Implant Dentistry Core Outcome Set and Measurements (ID-COSM) initiative that identified four core outcome domain areas (pathophysiology, implant/prosthesis lifespan, life impact, and access to care), five essential outcomes mandatory for all trials, and six outcomes mandatory in specific circumstances. This innovative multistep approach combined input from scientific evidence, patients from multiple countries, methodologists, and industry representatives. The ID-COSM consensus aspires to contribute to better adoption of relevant and valid outcomes in trials and enable their results to be combined in high-quality meta-analyses to support better-informed care and policy.
DOI: 10.11607/prd.6128, PubMed ID (PMID): 37338916Pages 541-549, Language: English
Xenogeneic-derived biomaterials are among the most routinely employed bone substitutes for immediate grafting of extraction sites as a modality of alveolar ridge preservation (ARP). The deproteinized bovine bone material is widely used and documented around the world. The present pilot clinical trial evaluated and compared the clinical and morphologic alterations of extraction sites after ARP using two commercially available yet differently processed bovine bone grafts. A total of 20 adjacent extraction sites in 10 patients were included. All sites received the exact same ARP therapy except for the type of bovine bone graft, which was randomly assigned between two adjacent extraction sockets in 10 patients (Group A received Bio-Oss particles and Group B received Cerabone particles). At all sites, healing was monitored at the time of surgery and at 1, 2, 3, and 4 months postoperative. All of the augmented extraction sites achieved successful implant therapy regardless of the bone graft material used for ARP. Six weeks after implant placement, second-stage/uncovering procedures were performed without complications. Intergroup comparisons of the crestal gingival healing process (CGHP), mean transversal crestal ridge resorption (MTRR), and mean implant primary stability (MIPS) were in favor of Group A sites (treatment with Bio-Oss particles).
DOI: 10.11607/prd.6105, PubMed ID (PMID): 37294857Pages 551-559, Language: English
This retrospective case series investigated the clinical and radiographic outcomes in 19 intrabony defects treated with periodontal regenerative therapy utilizing a combined approach. Placing an amnion-chorion membrane (ACM) as a biologic modifier on the root surface of the periodontally diseased tooth, combined with bone substitutes and an additional ACM as a barrier membrane, the treated sites were examined 8 to 24 months after the therapy. The preoperative (baseline) mean probing pocket depth (PPD) was 7.21 ± 1.08 mm, and the mean clinical attachment level (CAL) was 7.68 ± 1.49 mm. A mean PPD reduction of 4.05 ± 1.22 mm, CAL gain of 3.68 ± 1.34 mm, and 73.91% ± 22.02% of bone fill were recorded postoperatively. Without any adverse events, root-surface application of ACM as a biologic material in periodontal regenerative therapy could be a safe and cost-effective approach.
DOI: 10.11607/prd.6155, PubMed ID (PMID): 37733468Pages 561-569, Language: English
The purpose of this clinical study was to assess the feasibility of forced orthodontic extrusion with the Tissue Master Concept to retain subgingivally fractured teeth as abutments for which extraction and replacement would be equal treatment opportunities. Participants were recruited from a group of consecutive patients in need of prosthodontic rehabilitation. In total, 36 deeply destroyed teeth in 31 patients underwent forced orthodontic extrusion with forces exceeding 50 g to reestablish biologic width and ensure a 2-mm dentin-ferrule design prior to single-crown restoration. The primary endpoint was the success of the extrusion in terms of the ability to restore the respective abutment tooth. Information about overall treatment time, frequency, and reasons for failure were collected. Four patients dropped out of the treatment. For the remaining 27 participants, data were fully collected. The amount of extrusion ranged between 2 and 6 mm (3.5 ± 0.9 mm), and the mean duration until retention was 20 ± 12 days. On average, patients returned three (± 3) times for control visits after extrusion. Adhesive failure (n = 6) and orthodontic relapse (n = 2) were the most frequent complication types. Forced orthodontic extrusion may be a useful tool to restore teeth evaluated as nonrestorable.
DOI: 10.11607/prd.6127, PubMed ID (PMID): 37338918Pages 571-577, Language: English
Partial extraction therapy (PET) is a group of surgical techniques that preserve the periodontium and peri-implant tissues during restorative and implant therapy by conserving a portion of the patient’s own root structure to maintain the blood supply, derived from the periodontal ligament complex. PET includes the socket shield technique (SST), proximal shield technique (PrST), pontic shield technique (PtST), and root submergence technique (RST). Although their clinical success and benefits have been demonstrated, several studies report possible complications. The focus of this article is to highlight management strategies for the most common complications associated with PET, including internal root fragment exposure, external root fragment exposure, and root fragment mobility.
DOI: 10.11607/prd.5313, PubMed ID (PMID): 37338919Pages 579-587, Language: English
The purpose of this case series was to assess the application of a novel self-cutting, tapered implant (Straumann® BLX, Institut Straumann AG, Basel, Switzerland) in combination with a digital integrated prosthetic workflow for the immediate placement and restoration. Fourteen consecutive patients, requiring replacement of a single hopeless maxillary or mandibular tooth, meeting the clinical and radiographic indication criteria for immediate implant placement, were treated. All cases followed the same digitally-guided procedure of extraction and immediate implant placement. Immediate temporization with full contoured screw-retained provisionals was performed using an integrated digital workflow. After implant placement and dual-zone bone and soft tissue augmentation, connecting geometries and emergence profiles were finalized. The average implant insertion torque was 53.2 ± 14.9 Ncm and ranged between 35 and 80 Ncm, allowing immediate provisional restoration in all cases. Final restorations were delivered three months after implant placement. An implant survival rate of 100% was observed at the 1-year recall after loading. The results of this case series suggest that immediate placement of novel tapered implants and immediate provisionalization using an integrated digital workflow can result in predictable functional and esthetic results for the immediate transition of failing single teeth in the esthetic area.
DOI: 10.11607/prd.5779, PubMed ID (PMID): 37338920Pages 589-595, Language: English
The management of horizontally fully edentulous atrophic ridges is a common problem in dental implantology. This case report describes an alternative modified two-stage presplitting technique. The patient was referred for an implant-supported rehabilitation of their edentulous mandible. CBCT scans showed a mean available bone width of about 3 mm. At the first stage, four linear corticotomies were performed using a piezoelectric surgical device. At the second surgical stage 4 weeks later, bone expansion was performed, and four implants were placed in the interforaminal area. The healing process was uneventful. No fractures of the buccal wall and no neurologic lesions were observed. Postoperative CBCT scans showed a mean bone width gain of about 3.7 mm. Implants were uncovered 6 months after the second surgery, and 1 month later, a fixed provisional screw-retained prosthesis was delivered. This approach could be used as a reconstructive technique that avoids using grafts and reduces treatment times, possible complications, postsurgical morbidity, and costs by exploiting the patient’s native bone as much as possible. Considering the limitations of a case report, randomized controlled clinical trials are needed to confirm the results and validate this technique.
DOI: 10.11607/prd.6095, PubMed ID (PMID): 37338921Pages 597-605, Language: English
Horizontal and vertical ridge augmentation via the bone shell technique provides predictable outcomes. The external oblique ridge is the most-used donor site for bone plate harvesting, followed by the mandibular symphysis. The lateral sinus wall and the palate have also been described as alternative donor sites. This preliminary case series reports a bone shell technique that used the coronal segment of the knife-edge ridge as a bone shell in five consecutive edentulous patients (20 sites) with severe mandibular horizontal ridge atrophy and adequate ridge height. The follow-up period was 1 to 4 years. The average horizontal bone gains at 1 mm and 5 mm below the newly formed ridge crest were 3.6 ± 0.76 mm and 3.4 ± 0.92 mm, respectively. Ridge volume was sufficiently restored in all patients to enable implant placement in a staged approach. In 2 of the 20 sites, additional hard tissue grafts were required at implant placement. The advantages of utilizing the relocated crestal ridge segment are as follows: The donor and recipient sites are the same, no major anatomical structures are compromised, periosteal releasing incisions and flap advancement are not required for primary wound closure,
and the risk of wound dehiscence is minimized due to reduced muscle tension.
DOI: 10.11607/prd.6013, PubMed ID (PMID): 37338922Pages 607-613, Language: English
The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the performance of implants placed with the All-on-4 technique after a mean time in function of 9 years. A total of 34 patients with 156 implants were selected for this study: 18 patients underwent tooth extraction on the day of implant placement (Group D), and 16 patients were already edentulous (Group E). A periapical radiograph was taken at a mean follow-up of 9 years (range: 5 to 14 years). Success and survival rates and the prevalence of peri-implantitis were calculated. Statistical analysis was used to assess comparisons between groups. After a mean follow-up of 9 years, the cumulative survival rate was 97.4% and the success rate was 77.4%. The difference between the initial and final radiographs resulted in a mean marginal bone loss (MBL) of 1.3 ± 1.06 mm (range: 0.1 to 5.3 mm). No differences were seen between Groups D and E. Peri-implantitis affected 15 implants (9.6%) in 9 patients (26.5%). This study shows that the All-on-4 technique is a reliable treatment method for both edentulous patients and patients requiring tooth extractions, with results maintained over a long follow-up period. The present MBL results are similar to those around implants in other rehabilitation types.
DOI: 10.11607/prd.6151, PubMed ID (PMID): 37338923Pages 615-621, Language: English
Peri-implant soft tissue deformities are an increasingly common phenomenon in the esthetic zone. While the most widely studied esthetic complications are peri-implant soft tissue dehiscences, there are other esthetic concerns in routine clinical practice that require investigation and treatment. Thus, this report on two clinical cases describes a surgical approach using the apical access technique to treat peri-implant soft tissue discoloration and fenestration. In both clinical scenarios, the defect was accessed via a single horizontal apical incision without removing the cement-retained crowns. A bilaminar technique using apical access with a simultaneous connective tissue graft seems to offer promising results for the treatment of peri-implant soft tissue deformities. At the 12-month reevaluation, an increase in peri-implant soft tissue thickness was observed, resolving the pathologies presented.
DOI: 10.11607/prd.6223, PubMed ID (PMID): 37347994Pages 623-629, Language: English
Objectives: Alveolar bone crest level is essential in determining the need for bone removal in subjects with altered passive eruption (APE). This study assessed the validity of Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) and transgingival probing. Methods: Patients presenting with APE were assessed. Transgingival probing was performed to clinically assess the distance between the cementoenamel junction (CEJ) and the crest of the bone at the mid-point of upper anterior teeth. CBCT was used to assess this distance at the same point. Upon reflection of a full mucoperiosteal flap the actual distance was measured. Results: Similar actual and CBCT measurements of the distance between the CEJ and bone crest at upper right 3, upper left 2 and upper left 3 (P>0.05) were recorded. However, in upper right 2, upper right 1 and upper left 1 the distance was significantly greater on CBCT (P<0.05). No significant difference was detected between transgingival probing and the actual distance at all teeth assessed. Conclusions: Careful transgingival probing provides an accurate measure of the distance between the CEJ and crest of the Bone. CBCT gives an accurate estimate, However, it might not be justified for each patient in the presence of safer methods.
DOI: 10.11607/prd.6406, PubMed ID (PMID): 37347995Pages 631-637, Language: English
This study aimed to clinically evaluate the effectiveness of two different at-home whitening protocols and to determine which is more effective: applying the whitening gel (16% carbamide peroxide) every 24 hours (Group A) or every 48 hours (Group B) for 2 weeks. Group C received a placebo gel (glycerin) without peroxide, which was applied every 24 hours for 2 weeks. The differences in terms of tooth sensitivity were also analyzed. A sample of 60 patients was divided into three groups of 20 patients. To compare the groups, color measurements were made using a spectrophotometer, and Student t test was used for independent samples. The confidence level was set at 95% (P ≤ .05). No statistically significant differences were found between Groups A and B (P > .05). The study concluded that 16% carbamide peroxide was equally effective when applied with either protocol and obtained the same results, but the 48-hour application protocol produced less sensitivity than the 24-hour application protocol.