Objective: The aim of the current article was to present a radiographic method to determine the surface area of newly formed periodontal attachment, as well as to analyze volumetric and morphologic changes after regenerative periodontal treatment.
Schlagwörter: 3D evaluation, CBCT segmentation, minimally invasive periodontal surgery, new periodontal attachment, regenerative periodontal surgery, root surface area
Method and materials: In this retrospective study, 11 singular intrabony periodontal defects were selected for minimally invasive surgical treatment and 3D evaluation. 3D virtual models were acquired by the segmentation of pre- and postoperative CBCT scans. This study determined the surface area of baseline periodontal attachment (RSA-A) and defect-involved root surface (RSA-D) on the preoperative 3D models, and the surface area of new periodontal attachment (RSA-NA) on the postoperative models. Finally, cumulative change of periodontal attachment (∆RSA-A) was calculated and Boolean subtraction was applied on pre- and postoperative 3D models to demonstrate postoperative 3D hard tissue alterations.
Results: The average RSA-A was 84.39 ± 33.27 mm2, while the average RSA-D was 24.26 ± 11.94 mm2. The average surface area of RSA-NA after regenerative periodontal surgery was 17.68 ± 10.56 mm2. Additionally, ∆RSA-A was determined to assess the overall effects of ridge alterations on periodontal attachment, averaging 15.53 ± 12.47 mm2, which was found to be statistically significant (P = .00149). Lastly, the volumetric hard tissue gain was found to be 33.56 ± 19.35 mm3, whereas hard tissue resorption of 26.31 ± 38.39 mm3 occurred.
Conclusion: The proposed 3D radiographic method provides a detailed understanding of new periodontal attachment formation and hard tissue alterations following regenerative surgical treatment of intrabony periodontal defects.