Purpose: To retrospectively evaluate the survival rate and technical and biologic complications of feather-edge zirconia and metal-ceramic implant restorations cemented on conical titanium abutments.
Materials and methods: Patients rehabilitated with implant-supported single crowns or fixed dental prostheses (FDPs) were divided into four groups: ZR-TL = tissue-level implant with a convergent collar and zirconia restoration; ZR-BL = bone-level implant and zirconia restoration; MC-TL = tissue-level implant with a convergent collar and metal-ceramic restoration; MC-BL = bone-level implant and metal-ceramic restoration. All of the restorations were cemented onto conical titanium abutments and had feather-edge margins, following the biologically oriented preparation technique (BOPT). Crown-level survival rates, technical and biologic complications, and bone resorption were registered. Chi-square test was performed to analyze all evaluated parameters among the groups. Nonparametric Mann-Whitney test was performed to analyze changes in bone level.
Results: A total of 85 patients (133 implants, 66 single crowns, and 28 FDPs) were included in the present study with a mean follow-up time of 4.98 years. The overall survival rate was 98.2% for zirconia and 97.5% for metal-ceramic restorations at the crown level. No significant differences were found between the zirconia (ZR-BL and ZR-TL) and the metal-ceramic (MC-BL and MC-TL) groups for technical complications (P > .05). Bone resorption was 0.33 (0.37) mm in MC-TL; 0.61 (0.52) mm in MC-BL; 0.39 (0.51) mm in ZR-TL; and 0.77 (0.64) mm in ZR-BL, showing significantly greater bone loss in bone-level implants (P = .011).
Conclusion: Zirconia implant restorations with feather-edge margins seem to be a viable alternative in cases of both tissue-level and bone-level implants.