Objective: To investigate the impact of supragingival scaling on the clinical outcomes of subgingival instrumentation completed after 1 week.
Schlagwörter: inflammation, periodontitis, root planing, supragingival scaling, vascular endothelial growth factors
Method and materials: In 27 patients with Stage II and Stage III periodontitis, pairs of contralateral quadrants were randomly assigned into test group 1 (single sitting scaling and root planing) and test group 2 (supragingival scaling followed by subgingival instrumentation after 1 week). Periodontal parameters were recorded at baseline, 2, 4, and 6 months; Gingival crevicular fluid vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) estimation was done at baseline in both groups and 7 days after supragingival scaling in test group 2.
Results: At 6 months, significantly better improvement in test group 1 at sites with periodontal probing depth (PPD) > 5 mm; (∆PPD = 2.32 mm vs 1.41 mm, P = .001; ∆clinical attachmen level [CAL] = 2.34 mm vs 1.39 mm, P = .001) was observed. Supragingival scaling resulted in significant reduction in gingival crevicular fluid VEGF (42.46 to 27.88 pg/site) after 1 week. Regression analysis explained 14% variance in VEGF to baseline PPD at sites with PPD > 4 mm; and 21% variance in CAL improvement to VEGF at sites with PPD > 5 mm. The percentage of sites with PPD = 5 to 8 mm reaching the clinical endpoint was 52% and 40% for test group 1 and test group 2, respectively. Better results were noticed in bleeding on pocket probing-positive sites in both groups.
Conclusion: The sites with PPD > 5 mm where supragingival scaling was followed by subgingival instrumentation after 1 week resulted in less favourable treatment outcomes. (Clinical trial registry NCT05449964)