Objective: This study aimed to compare the alveolar sealing performance between free gingival graft (FGG) and porcine collagen membrane (MS) and qualitatively assess patient-centered outcomes via a visual analog scale.
Schlagwörter: collagen, graft, membrane, soft tissue, surgery, tooth socket
Method and materials: Eighteen patients were randomly divided into control (FGG) and test (MS) groups. After extraction, all the alveoli were filled with bovine bone grafts (small granules) and sealed. Follow-up was during the immediate postoperative period and after 3, 7, 15, 30, 60, 90, and 120 days. After 180 days, before implant placement, tissue samples were obtained for histologic analysis. The epithelial tissues were morphometrically measured for each sample. Qualitative information on the patient’s perception of the treatment was collected after 7 days.
Results: A faster healing was observed for the MS group. After 60 days, all the sites from the MS were partially healed, in contrast with only five from the FGG. The histologic results after 120 days showed for the FGG group a predominant acute inflammatory process, whereas chronic processes were observed for the MS group. The mean epithelial heights found for the FGG and MS were 535.69 µm and 495.33 µm, respectively (P = .54). The intragroup analysis showed significant variance among the data (P < .001) for both groups. The qualitative result showed statistically more significative comfort for the MS group (P < .05).
Conclusion: Within the limitations of the study, both techniques effectively promote alveolar sealing. However, the visual analog scale result was superior and more significant for the MS group, with faster wound healing and lower discomfort.